The Blue Disease. Cyanosis.
This disease is known by a blue, purple, or leaden tinge over the whole body. The warmth of the body is reduced, there is difficult breathing, which is increased by quick motion or by crying. The disease is generally fatal. The blueness is occasioned either by the passage between the right and left side of the heart remaining open after birth, so as to let the blue, venous blood run through and mix with the red arterial blood, thus making the whole blue, or by the obstruction of the pulmonary artery, which withholds the blood from the lungs, and does not allow it to be arterialized and reddened. This latter opinion is the more general one now.
Treatment. Keep the patient, as much as possible, in a state of rest, so that the circulation may not be hurried. Allow pure, fresh air, easily digested food, and protect the body from cold and dampness. Hold the infant near the fire, and apply gentle friction over the head and body with a warm, soft cloth.
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