Chapter 12 - Care of Children and Diseases
Care of Children and Diseases
How to Nurse Sick Children
Inflammation of the Mouth
Inflammation of the Gums
Canker of the Mouth
Difficult Teeth Cutting
Croup
Spasm of the Glottis
Whooping Cough
Diarrhoea
Summer Complaint
Colic
Falling of the Bowel
Gastric Fevor
Rickets
Mesenteric Disease
Blue Disease
Fits

12.18 Fits

* Fits.

MOST persons have seen a baby in fits; and it is a sad sight, its little face all distorted and livid, its eyes rolling and squinting frightfully; its hands clenched, arms bent, legs drawn up, body arched backward, and limbs twitching violently, itself insensible and unable to see or swallow or move. After a time, the fit ceases, sometimes by degrees, at other times suddenly, the child fetching a deep sigh, and then lying quiet and pale, as if it had fainted. From this state it passes into a sleep, and, on waking, some hours after, seems quite well.
Fits may attack a child which is apparently well, occurring daily, or even several times a day, and it may linger on for weeks. A child may have fits from a great variety of causes; they therefore, have a different meaning in different cases. But they always show that the brain has in some way been disturbed.

Treatment. As fits are not a disease in themselves, but only a symptom of some disease, the treatment must have reference to the cause. Sometimes, while the fit lasts, it is wise to do nothing. But, if a fit come suddenly, in the case of a child previously healthy, it is generally safe to place it in a hot bath, and at the same time to dash cold water on its face, or to pour cold water on its head, or hold on it a large sponge dipped in cold water. The hot bath will draw the blood to the skin, and away from the overloaded brain. It will quiet the disturbance of the system, and if scarlet fever or measles an about to appear, it will bring them out.

Birthmarks. A BIRTHMARK is a defect in the topmost layer of the skin. Attempts to remove them by burning with acids or mechanically are dangerous. Skin Specialists claim they can guarantee to cure even the most unsightly Birthmarks by applying Frozen Carbonic acid Gas, that it does not burn into the other layers of the skin, but merely removes the defective top layer allowing it to renew itself normally after the renewal

Stammering.
As to the factors which cause this affliction, very little is known. It is safe to say, however, that the cause of stuttering is comparable to that of the disease of the nervous system.
Care and help by the parents and teachers of these unfortunates (especially those of school age, between four and fourteen years) are absolutely necessary. Neglect at this time is inexcusable.
When the child commences to stutter, check him at once. Insist on this and when his mind is at ease invite him to tell slowly what he wishes to say. Remember that the more a person stutters, the more he is prone to stutter. Stammering and stuttering soon become habitual. The habit may certainly be checked if treated properly. Correct breathing exercises are very essential to its cure.

The phonetic drill necessary to improve the stutterer is the same as that employed in teaching the beginner to read. Particular stress should be laid on the use of the consonants 1, d, t, k, c (hard), p, g (hard), w, th and sh.
The vocal gymnastics must be repeated slowly and frequently in regular fashion. Rhythmic gestures while speaking alleviate the effort.
Whispering and singing practice in place of talking assist in the cure.

Danger of Infection in Eruptive Fevers.
Parents and those coming in contact with the Eruptive fevers, so called, are naturally interested to know how long it will be after a person is exposed to infection before the disease will make its appearance, and also for how long a time a person afflicted with the disease remains a source of contagion. For this purpose we have prepared a table showing the period of ,incubation," as the time between contact with the disease and its appearance is called, and other important points to remember.




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