THESE are of two kinds, produced by causes of an exactly opposite nature. The first are Burns and Scalds.
A burn is the effect of concentrated heat acting upon living tissues. The effects are inflammation, and sometimes complete disorganization and destruction of the parts.
A scald is an injury produced by applying hot water or other fluid, to the skin or mucous membrane. The natural temperature of the human body is ninety eight degrees; that of boiling water, two hundred and twelve degrees. Bringing the skin in contact with a fluid heated so far above it, produces redness and pain; and when nothing is done instantly to ward off the injury, the scarf skin Is raised from the true skin in the form of a blister, filled with water.
The degree of danger from a burn or scald depends upon the extent of the injured surface, and also upon the depth of the injury. An extensive scald or burn may prove fatal in a few hours, the patient never rallying from the first prostration. These injuries are most dangerous when upon the head, neck, chest and belly. Old persons, and those who are feeble and have shattered constitutions, will sink under burns and scalds from which robust persons will suffer but little.
Treatment. For slight burns and scalds, make cold applications. Put the injured part in very cold water, or lay upon it pieces of linen, or lint, wet with vinegar and water, or rose water and sugar of lead (238), or diluted solution of acetate of ammonia. When these are not to be quickly had, lay on scraped raw potatoes, which is one of the best remedies to give immediate relief. The object is to reduce the inflammation, and to prevent blistering. They must, therefore be put on very soon. If the scald be extensive, and on the body,Â producing shivering, faintness, paleness and coldness of the skin, and a small pulse, cold applications are not proper. In such case we may use warm fomentations, or, in the case of a child, the warm bath. A liniment of spirits of turpentine, linseed oil, etc. (194), makes an excellent application. Also (371).
Raw cotton, spread out thin, and laid upon a burn, is a good dressing, and one which is much used. So is flour sprinkled upon the injured surface with a dredger. For loosening the flour when it is to be taken off, poultices are useful .
Keep the air from the wound as much as possible. With this view, do not remove the dressing often, and when a cold lotion is merely pour it upon the rags, letting them remain undisturbed. used Stimulate and narcotize the patient if exhausted by the shock of the burn. Nothing is more generally used than carron oil, which is composed of equal parts of linseed oil and lime water. It soothes, heals and promotes granulation.
Any statements made on this site have not been evaluated by the FDA
and are not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease or condition.
Always consult your professional health care provider.
copyright 2005, J. Crow Company, New Ipswich NH 03071