WOUNDS are divided into several kinds.
Incised Wounds are very common. Being made with sharp instruments, they are cuts, and have no laceration or tearing about them.
Stabs, or Punctured Wounds, form another class. They are made with pointed weapons, as bayonets, lances, swords, and daggers. They are more dangerous than the former, because they penetrate to a greater depth, injuring blood vessels, nerves, bowels, and other organs.
Contused and Lacerated Wounds form still another class. They embrace gun shot wounds, and all those produced by blunt instruments. They tear, and bruise, and mash the flesh.
Poisoned Wounds form yet another class. They are such as are united with the introduction of some venomous poison into the incised, or punctured, or contused part. Stings and bites of venomous insects and snakes are of this class also the wounds made by poisoned arrows.
Simple Wounds are such as are inflicted on a health subject with a clean, sharp instrument.
Complicated Wounds are those inflicted when the state of the whole system, or of the wounded part, is such as to make it necessary for the surgeon to deviate from the treatment needed for a simple wound, as, for example, when there is bleeding, or nervous symptoms, or great pain, or locked jaw, or much contusion, or erysipelas.
Lacerated wounds are more dangerous than incised ones, because the parts are stretched and otherwise injured, besides being separated.
A very small wound upon the brain, the spinal marrow, the bowels, or the heart, will often prove fatal, because the functions of these parts are intimately connected with life.
Wounds of young persons heal much more rapidly and kindly than those of old persons.
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