This is an inflammation, enlargement, and hardening on the inside of the ball of the great toe. It is frequently connected with a distortion of the toe, which seems partially out of joint. The projection of the joint exposes it to great irritation from the shoe, and to repeated attacks of inflammation. It occasions great suffering.
Treatment. Remove the pressure from the part, and when there is inflammation, keep the foot quiet and elevated upon a chair, applying heat, poultices, etc. Another method is to cover the bunion with soap plaster, spread on thick, soft leather, or, put the toe in a separate compartment of the stocking, like the finger of a glove. Then enclose it in a separate part of the shoe, which is contrived by fixing a piece of firm sole leather in the bottom of the shoe, so as to make a separate compartment for the toe. By this means the pressure against the side is removed. Sticking plaster may be spread on wash leather, and a piece cut out the size of the bunion. This will take off a portion of the pressure of the shoe, and will hasten the cure.
Fig. 174 represents a ganglion or tumor formed upon the synovial sheath of the tendon which bends the finger.
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