Enlarged or Varicose Veins. Varix.
THE veins which lie near the surface, especially those of the legs, axe apt, by exhausting labor upon the feet, and by strains, to get weakened, so that their valves lose their tone, and their sides stretch and give way in certain places, letting the blood bulge out, and form purple bunches. These bags of blood, lying along upon the surface of the limb, form knotty tumors, looking like blood boils. They occasion a kind of distress, but no sharp pain.
Persons of weak, soft and relaxed muscles and blood vessels are particularly liable to this complaint. It often attacks women in the family way.
Treatment. Where only a few veins are affected, it may be sufficient, in some cases, to apply firmly over them a few strips of leather, spread with soap plaster. But generally it is better to support the whole limb with a good woolen bandage, or with a laced stocking, which should be applied in the morning before the patient is up. It is generally well, also, to use friction, with some liniment, or iodine ointment. Lead water, or alum water, or an infusion of white oak bark, may be used with advantage. Burdock and plantain leaves, bound upon the skin, and removed before they are dry, are useful. Showering with cold water strengthens the veins. An elastic silk stocking made for the limb is the best general measure.
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