Inflammation of the Iris. Iritis.
The iris is covered with a serous membrane, and is very liable to adhesive inflammation.
Symptoms. In the first stage, the iris changes its color, and the pupil is contracted. In the next stage, lymph is poured out upon the surface in a thin layer, sometimes, which looks rusty, and sometimes in larger quantities, filling the whole cavity of the aqueous humor.
Causes. Injuries, or overworking the eye, but more frequently a taint of the system from gout or syphilis.
Treatment. If there be considerable inflammation, protect the eyes from the light and keep down the circulation by tincture of veratrum. To relieve pain, use continuously either hot or cold water applied on cloths, whichever is agreeable to the patient; these cloths must be changed frequently enough to keep the parts at an even temperature. The strength is generally to be supported by quinine; and in many instances, iodide of potassium is to be given as an alterative. A little solution of atropia, one grain to the ounce of water, is to be dropped into the eye once or twice a day, and the bowels to be kept open by gentle physic. In severe pain give morphia one sixth of a grain by mouth.
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