THIS disease, while usually occurring in animals, especially the horse, is capable of infecting the human being by means of the transmission of its germ which is called bacillus mallei. Infection may occur through drinking water, from one horse to another, through the same trough, or to a man if careless about drinking, if the horse coughs or blows some of his nasal secretion into drinking cups. It can occur through wounds of the skin, but is most often contracted while taking care of the horse affected with the disease.
Symptoms Several days after beginning of infection, fever develops and the general sickness is felt throughout the body. A round, reddish painful nodule or swelling will appear either in the nose or at the place where the skin is broken and ulceration of the lining of the nose with discharge of pus occurs. The rash composed of small boils or pustules which has an appearance like smallpox often shows upon the face, and within a week or ten days death occurs.
Treatment. The treatment should be incision of all swellings, syringing with peroxide of hydrogen and the application of antiseptic washes. A remedy called mallein has been recommended, but recovery is very rare in spite of all we may do. We are warranted in taking all precautions to prevent friends and attendants from contracting the disease,
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