Ringworm on the Scalp.
THIS is a highly contagious disease occurring generally in child hood, communicable by the comb, brush or even towel used by the person affected. It is caused by a parasite and appears first as small, separate, round or irregularly shaped, reddened, scaly patches, turning to little vesicles in which pus or matter appears, dries up and scales off Ringworm spreads rapidly; the hair becomes dead looking and brittle, breaks off unevenly; the scalp looks like goose skin, while the patches often run together and may spread to the face.
Sepia is an excellent remedy, where the sufferer is in good general health Calcarea carbonica in fair, fat, or scrofulous children, with perspiration of head and much itching of scalp Sulphur in obstinate cases; many crusts form, with pus, itching and burning. Tellurium when the patches seem to come in clusters. A dose of the indicated remedy morning and night.
After softening the surface for two days with olive oil, then giving a soap shampoo, a few diseased hairs may be pulled out at a time with small, short, broad bladed forceps, and an ointment rubbed in made of boracic acid, fifteen grains; sublimed sulphur, fifteen grains; and vaseline, one ounce. A good lotion is made by adding two to five grains of corrosive sublimate to one ounce of water or alcohol. It may be used instead of the ointment. Observe great cleanliness; build up the general health with milk, eggs, cod liver oil, cream, and good broths. No other person should use the comb, brush, towel, hat, or clothes of the sufferer. Persevere in treatment and be on the lookout for a relapse.
Ringworm of the Beard. *Barber's Itch.
LIKE, ringworms of the scalp, this is a highly contagious disease, generally contracted in a barber's shop from infected soap, brushes or razor, or the unwashed fingers of the barber, but may be acquired from horses or cattle. The disease begins as reddish, rounded, branny patches from a pea to a small coin in size, and with a small sized watery point in which matter forms. The nearby hairs become brittle and diseased. In bad cases hard, nodular patches become quite extensive; crusts form from the pustules, and the hair of the beard in the affected area can easily be pulled out.
The remedies and other treatment given under "Ringworm of the Scalp" are equally indicated for ringworm occurring elsewhere, but when the beard is affected it should be kept shaved close to the skin. It must be borne in mind that having an individual cup, brush and razor at one's barber's is no guarantee of immunity unless his hands are thoroughly cleansed, a fresh towel used, and a separate strop.
Ringworm of the Body. Tinea Circinata.
LIKE other forms of ringworm, this also is contagious. The patches in the beginning are usually reddish, irregular and the size of a pea. In a few days they become circular, slightly reddened or raised on the edge. The extension of the patches rarely exceeds five or six inches. There is scaling, and when watery little points appear or pimples containing pus, crusts may form. The disease is more common in warm climates, and occurs most frequently on the face, neck, and back of the hands. There is slight itching and burning.
Give the indicated remedy as above. Scrub each patch with spirits of green soap, or olive oil or castile soap and water, and apply a two per cent. solution of formalin. Consult the general directions under 'Ringworm of the Scalp."
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