Chapter 25 - Dieting in Disease
Dieting in Disease

25.1 Dieting in Disease

DIETING IN DISEASE. In Dyspepsia, great care should be taken not to overload the stomach. It is better to eat often, and take smaller quantities at a time, and at regular intervals. Dyspepsia assumes so many different forms that experience should teach each patient what agrees with him best. Regularity is of importance, and in no case should a meal be eaten in a hurry or when the mind is disturbed. It is best to avoid pork in all forms, rich, fatty and highly seasoned foods or liquors. Plain foods with few condiments are the best. A little warm water or milk taken with the food is better than tea or coffee. Vichy, Apollinaris, or Poland water are good drinks. The following is usually a safe diet in ordinary dyspepsias: Plain soups; oysters, raw or roasted; fish, except fatty varieties and blue skinned fish. Fish should be boiled or broiled. Lobster, bluefish, mackerel and salmon, are the most difficult of digestion. Meats: mutton, roast or broiled; chicken, beef, sweet breads, tripe. Eggs can generally be taken. The various vegetables, if well cooked, with the exception of boiled potatoes. Only stale bread should be eaten. That made from the Franklin Mills flour is the best. The various coarse cereals are good. It is best to avoid puddings and pies. Fruits of different kinds are good, especially apples and grapes. It is beneficial in some cases to drink hot water immediately on rising, and in others cold water, experience is the best teacher. Dyspepsia accompanied by much gas and belching of wind is remedied oftentimes by avoidance of starchy food, such as bread, potatoes, etc. Dyspepsia of the small bowel, coming on one or two hours after meals, means less starchy food, and avoidance of heavy vegetables, fruits, cereals, etc.; in other words, the patient should live on an animal diet of meat, eggs, milk, etc. For Consumptives, and those in an anemic state, the diet should be generous and easily digested; food should be taken in small quantities and often. It is best to take some light nourishment between meals and before retiring, such as Mellin's Food and milk, malted milk and eggnog. In consumption, oils and fatty foods are beneficial if they can be digested. Various preparations of cod liver oil are excellent. The patient should avoid pork in all forms, fried foods, pies and pastry, and all starchy or sweet foods. Can take soups and broths, oysters, fish and eggs, if not fried, beef, poultry, game and mutton, roasted or boiled; fresh vegetables; coarse cereals and stale bread. Desserts: baked apples, prunes, sago, tapioca and custards. Best to avoid strong tea or coffee. Vichy, Poland and ozonized waters, milk. Malted milk and koumiss are good drinks. In Albuminuria. Do not eat to excess, or overload the stomach in any way. Eat the most easily digested food, such as plain soups, codfish, haddock, clams and oysters raw. Of meats, chicken and game, avoiding those that have most blood in them. Vegetables of all kinds, especially those of green variety. Laxatives, coarse cereals and stale bread. Do not take of pastry or rich dishes of any kind, sweets, coffee, tobacco or liquors. Avoid eggs and an excess of meats. Can take tea milk, koumiss and large quantities of water, Poland if possible. For Gouty and Rheumatic People a generous diet is best. They should avoid all foods that have a tendency to acidity of the stomach, such as those of a starchy or sweet nature. Can take plain soups, broths, beef tea, fish, except fatty kinds, and oysters; meats, with the exception of pork, in small quantities; fresh vegetables, onions, cauliflower, celery, lettuce, spinach, peas and baked potatoes. Also various coarse foods and stale bread. For desserts avoid all rich puddings and pastry and sweets. Can eat baked or stewed fruits, lemons, oranges and baked apples. Should drink plenty of water and milk, rather than tea or coffee. Vichy, Poland and Lithia water are the best. For Diabetes. Take easily digested food, avoiding as much as possible sweet and starchy varieties. Avoid the use of sugar altogether, and substitute saccharin, both in the preparation of foods and for tea and coffee. Use meats, fats, oils and butter, cream and water especially, say one pint of cream daily. Use few or no potatoes, and those baked. May eat all kinds of soup, and various shell fish ; fat meats and fresh vegetables that are not starchy. Various fruits, nuts, gluten bread, etc. Saja bean meal contains only one per cent of starch, and is very well adapted to diabetes, much better than the ordinary gluten flour, which, after all, is somewhat starchy. For beverages: weak tea or coffee without cream or sugar, milk, koumiss, ales and various mineral waters. It is well to avoid flours, coarse cereals, fruits and vegetables.

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