THE, preparations called tinctures are made by grinding or bruising the roots, leaves, or barks used, to a coarse powder, placing it in the proper amount of either alcohol or diluted alcohol, letting it stand from seven to fourteen days, shaking each day, and, finally, filtering through paper. A large proportion of tinctures are made by taking one ounce of the medicinal substance to one pint of the spirit; and whenever tinctures are spoken of in this Materia Medica, and the quantities are not named, the above. proportions are to be presumed. When a larger proportion of the medicine is to be used, I shall simply indicate the proportions in the fewest words, as under Black Cohosh, Ò this tincture, four ounces to the pint of alcohol," meaning thereby, that the tincture is made by using four ounces of the root to the pint of alcohol. Most fluid extracts have the same strength, ounce for ounce, with the roots, barks, leaves, etc., of which they are made. Tinctures may therefore be made with very little trouble, by substituting,, in each case, the same number of ounces of their fluid extracts to the pint of alcohol, which I name of the gross substance, or, when no quantity is named, one ounce to the pint.
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