Chapter 28 - Medicinals A - Z
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B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
V
W
Y
Z

28.10 J

Jalap (Ipomea Jalapa). This is a Mexican plant. Its root is an active cathartic, producing liquid stools, more or less griping. United with cream of tartar it becomes a hydragogue, and is useful in dropsy. The dose is from fifteen to twenty five grains. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, a quarter to one dram; solid extract, dose, three to five grains; tincture, two ounces to the pint of diluted alcohol, dose, one to two drams; jalapin, the active principle, dose, one to two grains.

Juniper (Juniperis Communis). This evergreen shrub is a native of Europe, and is naturalized in some parts of this country. The berries, which are the parts used, are wrinkled, of a dark purple color, about the size of a pea. They are gently stimulant and diuretic, and have been used in scurvy and inflammation of the bladder, chiefly in connection with more active diuretics. The oil of juniper obtained from the berries is used for similar purposes. Five minims of the oil mixed with one fluid dram of sweet spirits of nitre, and given three times a day, is valuable in dropsy. Dose of the berries, from one to two drams; of the oil, from five to ten drops.

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