Chapter 28 - Medicinals A - Z

28.12 L

Ladies' Slipper (Cypripedium Pubeseens). The fibrous roots are the parts used of this plant. It is tonic, nervine, and anti spasmodic, and is employed in nervous headache, and other nervous affections, as excitability, hysterics, neuralgia, etc. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; solid extract, dose, five to ten grains; tincture, two ounces to a pint of diluted alcohol, dose, half an ounce; cypripedin, the active principle, dose, two to three grains. The following is a useful preparation for producing sleep, in wakeful and excited conditions: fluid extract ladies' slipper, one ounce; fluid extract pleurisy root, one ounce;.fluid extract skunk cabbage, one ounce; fluid extract, skullcap, one ounce; mix; dose, half a dram to a dram, three times a day. For sick and nervous headache, dependent on an acid stomach, the following is useful: fluid extract ladies' slipper, half an ounce; fluid extract catnip, half an ounce; fluid extract skullcap, half an ounce; water, one pint; mix; dose, one and a half to three drams.

Lead (Plumbum). Lead acts upon the system as a sedative and astringent. Internally, it is used for the purpose of reducing the force of the circulation, and for restraining improper bleeding and other excessive discharges. Externally, it is employed to subdue inflammation. It should not be excessively used, for, if taken internally for a long time, it injures the nervous system, and brings on apoplexy, palsy, and particularly lead colic. Nature generally gives notice when it is doing mischief, by drawing a blue line around the edge of the Vums. The preparation of lead chiefly used in medicine is the following: Acetate of Lead (Plumbi Acetas). This is known by the name of sugar of lead and is a white salt, crystallized in brilliant needles. It has first a sweetish, and then an astringent taste. In medicinal doses, it is a powerful sedative and astringent; in large ones an irritant poison. It is principally used internally for bleeding from the lungs, bowels, and womb. The dose is generally two grains, united with half a grain to a grain of opium, in the form of pill. Externally, it is employed in form of solution and applied to inflamed surfaces with cloths. Four grains of sugar of lead and four of pulverized opium to the pint of water, make a good lotion for various purposes.

Lemon (Citrus Limonum). This is a well known tropical fruit, the juice of which has a grateful acid taste, and is much used in fevers and inflammatory complaints, forming the agreeable drink called lemonade. The oil of lemon, obtained from the fresh rind of the fruit, is chiefly used in perfumery, and to render the taste of medicines more agreeable.

Lettuce (Lactuca Sativa). The medicinal properties of this garden plant are contained in the milk. It is given when opium disagrees with the patient, to allay cough and irritability. It is one of the most wholesome vegetables for the table. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to two drams; solid extract, dose, two to five grains. The following is a useful compound syrup: fluid extract lettuce, two ounces; fluid extract poppy, four ounces; simple syrup, ten ounces; mix; dose, half a dram to a dram.

Life Root (Senecio Aureus). This is a perennial plant, growing on the banks of marshy creeks in the Northern and Western States, and sometimes called ragwort. Both the root and herb are diuretic, pectoral, diaphoretic, and tonic, considerably valued as a remedy in gravel and other urinary affections, particularly strangury. It is useful for promoting menstrual discharges. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; infusion, dose, one to three ounces; senecin, the active principle, dose, three to five grains. For chlorosis, accompanied by absence of the menses, the following is a useful preparation: senecin, aletrin and sulphate of iron, four grains each. Mix and divide into two grain powders. Six grains each of senecin and geraniin, mixed and taken in doses of two to four grains, has a good effect in restraining an immoderate flow of the menses. In painful menstruation, the following is a good pill: senecin, two grains; quinine, six grains; solid extract belladonna, three grains; make into ten pills, and take one every three hours till the pain is subdued.

Lime ( Calx). This is one of the alkaline earths, and is an abundant natural production. It is used in several forms in medicine, of which the following are the chief : Chloride of Lime ( Calx Chlorinata). This is a moist, grayish white substance, having the odor of chlorine, and possessing powerful bleaching properties. Externally used, it is disinfectant, and, dissolved in water, is applied with advantage to ill conditioned ulcers, burns, chilblains and eruptions of the skin; also as a gargle in putrid sore throat, and as a wash for ulcerated gums, and to purify the breath. It has been used with advantage in dysentery, both by mouth and injection, to correct the fetor of the stools.

Lime Water (Aqua Calcis). This is made by dissolving four ounces of lime in a gallon of water, and letting the solution stand in a covered vessel, and pouring off the clear liquor when it is wanted for use. It is antacid, antilithic, tonic, and astringent, valuable in all complaints attended with acidity of the stomach. United with milk, and used as the sole diet, it is sometimes the only remedy for chronic diarrhea of long standing. Dose of lime water, half an ounce to an ounce.

Liquorice ( Glyeyrrhzza Glabra). This grows in the south of Europe and Asia. The root is the part used. It is demulcent and expectorant, and is useful in cough, chronic bronchitis, and irritations of the mucous surfaces generally. The pulverized root united with an equal amount of sulphur and a little molasses, is a valuable preparation for coughs. The black extract may be used for the same purposes as the root.

Liverwort (Hepatica Americana). An indigenous plant, growing in woods, upon the sides of hills and mountains. The leaves withstand the cold of winter, and the flowers appear early in the spring. The whole plant is medicinal. It is a mild demulcent tonic and astringent and has been used in fevers, liver complaints, bleeding from the lungs, and coughs. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, two to three drams; infusion four ounces to the pint of water, to be taken freely.

Lobelia (Lobelia Inflata). This weed grows throughout the United States; both its seeds and leaves are used in medicine. The plant is emetic, expectorant, sedative and antispasmodic. As an emetic it is generally used in combination with other articles for that purpose. It is of great advantage in spasmodic asthma as well as in bronchitis, croup, whooping cough, an other throat and chest affections. Whenever relaxation is required to subdue spasm, or for other purposes, lobelia will be found useful. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, as an expectorant, ten to fifty drops; as an emetic, one fourth] of a dram to a dram; tincture, two ounces to a pin of diluted alcohol, dose, as an expectorant, one t three rams, as an emetic, half an ounce; infusion dose, an ounce every half hour till vomiting ensues. lobelin, the active principle, dose, half a grain to a grain and a hall The following mixture will be found excellent, as an expectorant and sudorific in spasmodic croup, whooping cough and asthma, an for subduing mucous inflammation about the throat and air passages tincture of lobelia, half an ounce; tincture of bloodroot, two ounces oil of spearmint, half a dram; empyreumatic syrup, five ounces dose, half a dram every two hours. A poultice made of lobelia, elm bark and weak lye, relieves sprains, bruises, rheumatic pains, erysipelatous inflammations and poison from ivy or dogwood.

Logwood (Hcematoxylon Campechianum). This tree is a native .of tropical America. The wood is used in medicine. It is tonic an astringent, and is used with advantage in diarrhea, dysentery, an in the relaxed state of the bowels after cholera infantum. Use freely ,with other treatment, it also benefits constitutions broken down by disease or dissipation. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; solid extract, dose, five to twenty grains; infusion, half an ounce to a pint of water, dose, four drams every three or four hours, in diarrhea.

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