Chapter 28 - Medicinals A - Z

28.17 Q

Quassia (Piereena Excelsa). This is the wood of a tall tree growing in Surinam and some of the West india Islands. It is an intensely bitter tonic, febrifuge, and anathematic, possessing in the highest degree the properties of the simple bitters. It invigorates the digestive organs, without producing much excitement of the circulation. It is well adapted to dyspepsia, and the debility of the stomach which succeeds acute disease, and indeed all complaints where simple bitter is required. Its generic title perpetuates the name of the negro Quassi, of Surinam, who first &covered its medicinal virtues, about the middle of the last century and who became famous for treating malignant fevers with it, as a secret remedy. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; solid extract, dose, three to five grains; tincture, dose, four to eight drams; infusion, two drams to a pint of water, dose, two to three ounces.

Queen of the Meadow (Eupatorium Purpureum). This perennial herb grows in low, swampy places, in many parts of the country It is called trumpet weed, and, from its fine medicinal effects in com plaints of the urinary organs, gravel root. It is an excellent diuretic, tonic, and stimulant. Used in gout, rheumatism, hematuria, chronic diseases of the urinary organs, strangury, gravel, and dropsical affections. The decoction is the form in which it is most used; the dose being two to three ounces, two or three times a day. A preparation called eupurpurin is also extracted from it, which, in three grain doses, is a, powerful diuretic, occasioning, in some cases, it is said, an enormous flow of urine.

Queen's Root (Sillingia Sylvatica). This perennial herb grows in sandy soils in the Southern States. The root is medicinal, being, in large doses, emetic and cathartic; 'in small doses, an alterative of considerable value in skin diseases, rheumatism, syphilis, and scrofula, and in such other complaints as require alternatives. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, five to ten drops; compound fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; tincture, two ounces to a pint of diluted alcohol, dose, one to three drams; infusion, dose, one to one and one half ounces. In chronic bronchitis and similar complaints, the following syrup is well recommended: fluid extract of stillingia, two ounces; fluid extract of bloodroot, two ounces; fluid extract of cherry bark, two ounces; balsam of tolu, one ounce and a half; syrup, two and a half pints. Dose, one to two drams.

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