Chapter 28 - Medicinals A - Z

28.18 R

Red Chickweed (Anagallis Arvensis). An annual plant, common in Europe and this country. It has small scarlet flowers in June and July. It has been used in nervous diseases, as mania, delirium, epilepsy, and particularly hydrophobia. Old and ill conditioned ulcers are improved by its use, in the form of poultice.

Red Root ( Ceanothus Americanus). This shrubby plant has the names of New Jersey tea and wild snowball, and is found in all parts of the United States. The bark is antispasmodic, sedative, astringent, and expectorant, and tastes and smells like the peach leaf. A decoction is useful in dysentery, diarrhea, whooping cough, and chronic bronchitis, in doses of a tablespoonful three times a day. It makes, likewise, a very good injection in leucorrhea . and gleet, and gargle for ulcerations of the mouth and throat.

Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense). The blossoms of this very common biennial plant are medicinal, and are highly recommended in deep, ragged, and cancerous ulcers, as well as in badly conditioned burns. They are soothing and detergent, and promote healthful granulation. Taken in large doses for a year or so, it is said to be good for cancer. Preparation. Solid extract, to be used as an external application, chiefly in the form of ointment, made by uniting four ounces of it with half a pound of lard.

Red Rose (Rosa Gallica). The petals of the rose are slightly tonic and astringent, and are considerably employed in chronic inflammations of the eye. Rose water, distilled from the petals, is used for similar purposes.

Red Saunders (Pterocarpus Santalinus). This is a large tree growing in Ceylon, the wood of which imparts a red color to alcohol, ether, and alkaline solutions, but not to water. It is almost solely used for imparting color to tinctures, etc., having little or no medicinal properties.

Rosin. This is the solid resinous matter which remains after the distillation of turpentine. It is much used as an ingredient in ointments and plasters, but is never taken internally. The vapor which arises from heating it upon some hot surface is sometimes inhaled with great advantage in chronic bronchitis, and other chronic affections of the air tubes.

Rhatany (Krameria Triandra). This is a native of Peru, growing in dry, sandy places. It is a powerful astringent, and a gentle tonic. It is given with advantage in excessive menstruation, vomiting of blood, chronic diarrhea, leucorrhoea, and inability to the urine; likewise, as a local application in falling of the bowel. It is valuable also for nosebleed, and bleeding gums. Dose powder, for internal use, from ten to twenty five grains. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram solid extract, dose, five to fifteen grains; tincture, three ounces to a pint of diluted alcohol, dose, three to five drams; infusion, two ounces to a pint of water, dose, half an ounce.

Rhubarb (Rheum Palmatum). This root is derived from several species of rheum, and passes under the various names of European, Russian, Chinese, East India, and Turkey rhubarb. The variety called Russian or Turkey rhubarb (for they are the same) is considered the best. Rhubarb is cathartic, astringent, and tonic. It is much used in mild cases of diarrhea and cholera infantum; likewise, as a stomachic and gentle tonic in dyspepsia, accompanied with a debilitated state of the digestive organs. It is a valuable remedy in the complaints of children, and is deservedly much used in treating them. It acts upon the muscular coat of the bowels, producing thick rather than watery stools. It is therefore not adapted to the treatment of dropsical complaints. Its astringency may be increased by roasting it, or diminished by combination with an alkali. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; aromatic fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; fluid extract of rhubarb and senna, dose, half a dram to a dram; solid extract, dose, two to eight grains; tincture, an ounce and a half of fluid extract, and half an ounce of essence of cardamom, to a pint of diluted alcohol, dose, half an ounce to an ounce and a half ; infusion, one ounce fluid extract and two ounces spirit of cinnamon to a pint of water, dose, one to three ounces; syrup, three ounces of fluid extract to fourteen of syrup, dose, two to five drams.

Rosemary (Rosemarinus Officinalis). This evergreen shrub grows on the borders of the Mediterranean, and is cultivated in Europe and this country. It is stimulant, antispasmodic, and emmenagogue. It is not used in this country, however, except to perfume ointments, tinctures, and syrups.

Round Leaved Pyrola (Pyrola Botundifolia). This perennial shrub grows in various parts of our country, and bears white flowers in June. It is called canker lettuce, pear leaf wintergreen, etc. Its medicinal properties are those of a tonic, astringent, antispasmodic, and diuretic. Used in decoction for epilepsy and other nervous disorders; also for gravel, and other diseases of the bladder and kidneys. The decoction may be used, too, as a wash for ulcerations of the mouth, indolent ulcers, and chronic ophthalmia. The decoction may likewise be used in making poultices for painful swellings, boils, and carbuncles. It my be taken in doses of from one to four ounces.

Rue (Ruta Graveolens). Rue has the medicinal virtues of the antispasmodics, anthelminties, and emmenagogues. In large doses it is poisonous. It is useful in wind colic, worms, hysterics, epilepsy, etc. Dose of the leaves, from ten to fifteen grains; of the infusion, from one to two ounces. Use with care.

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