Chapter 28 - Medicinals A - Z

28.21 V

Valerian (Valeriana Officinalis). This is a European plant , flowering in June or July. The root is tonic, nervine, and antispasmodic, and is much used in cases of irregular nervous action, particularly morbid nervous vigilance, or hypochondria, epilepsy, lowness of spirits, and nervous headache. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; solid extract, dose, three to eight grains; tincture, four ounces to a pint of diluted alcohol, dose, two to three drams ; infusion, half an ounce to a pint of water, dose, two to three ounces; syrup, four ounces of fluid extract to a pint of simple syrup, dose, two to three drams.

Vervain ( Verbena Hastata). A perennial plant, common in the United States. The root is tonic, emetic, expectorant, and sudorific. It is used in intermittent fevers, colds, and obstructed menstruation, in the form of warm infusion. The cold infusion is a good tonic in loss of appetite, debility, etc. Dose of the powdered root, one or two scruples; of the infusion, from two to three ounces, three or four times a day.

Vinegar (Acetum). This is refrigerant, diuretic, astringent, and tonic; used in fevers and inflammatory complaints, likewise in scurvy and typhus, as an antiseptic. It has been found useful in dysentery and scarlet fever, saturated with common salt. Externally, it is applied to bruises, inflammations, sprains, and swellings. It sometimes has a good effect as a gargle in putrid sore throat, etc., and as a cooling wash in headache during fever.

Virginia Snake root (Aristolochia Serpentaria). This is a perennial herb of the Middle and Southern States. The root is stimulant, tonic, and diaphoretic. It is used in typhoid fevers, when the system needs support, but cannot bear active stimulation. Combined with Peruvian bark, it is also used in intermittent fevers. The cold infusion is employed in some forms of dyspepsia; likewise as a gargle in malignant sore throat. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, one quarter to half a dram; tincture, three ounces to a pint of diluted alcohol, dose, one to two drams; infusion, half an ounce to a pint of water, dose, one to two ounces, in low forms of fever. The following is a good compound tincture: half an ounce each of fluid extract of snake root, fluid extract of ipecac, fluid extract of saffron, fluid extract of ladies'slipper, together with half an ounce of camphor, and one and a half pints of diluted alcohol; dose, a dram to a dram and a half.

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