Chapter 28 - Medicinals A - Z

28.4 D

Dandelion (Taraxacum, Dew Leonis.) This perennial herb is diuretic, aperients, and tonic, It is generally thought to act especially upon the liver. Used in dyspepsia, diseases of the liver and spleen, and in debilitated and irritable conditions of the stomach and bowels. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, one to two drams; compound fluid extract, dose, one to two drams; fluid extract of dandelion and senna, dose, one to two drams ; solid extract, dose, ten to fifteen grains; infusion, two ounces to one pint of water, dose, four to five ounces.. In dropsical affections, the following compound infusion will be found useful: fluid extract of dandelion, six drams; fluid extract of rhubarb, one and a half drams; fluid extract of henbane, twenty four drops; bicarbonate of soda, half a dram; tartrate of potassa, three drams; water, three and a half ounces; take one third, three times a day. For jaundice and diseases of the liver and kidneys, the following pills have much efficacy: Solid extract of dandelion, one dram; solid extract of bloodroot, one dram; leptandrin, one scruple; podophyllin, five grains; oil of peppermint, five minims; to be divided into fifty pills, and one or two taken three times a day.

Deadly Nightshade. (Atropa Belladonna). A perennial plant, growing in Europe and this country, and having a faint odor, and a sweet, nauseous taste. It is narcotic, diaphoretic, and diuretic; is a valuable remedy in convulsions, neuralgia, whooping cough, rheumatism, gout, paralysis, and many diseases having their seat in the nervous system. It has been much praised as a preventive of scarlet fever, though its powers for this purpose are doubtful. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, five to eight drops; solid extract, dose, one quarter to one grain; tincture, two ounces to a pint of diluted alcohol; dose, from thirteen to thirty drops. The solid extract is used, mixed with lard or with other substances, as a local application for relieving pain, dilating the pupil of the eye, for removing stricture of the urethra, the anus, rigidity of the mouth of the womb, etc.

Dogwood ( Cornus Florida). This is a small tree growing most abundantly in the Middle States. The bark is used as a medicine. It is tonic, astringent, antiperiodic and stimulant. It increases the frequency of the pulse and elevates the temperature of the body. It has been substituted for Peruvian bark in intermittent fevers. Dose of the powdered bark, from ten to sixty grains. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to two drams; solid extract, dose, five to eight grains; tincture, four ounces to a pint of alcohol, dose, one to three drams; infusion, two ounces to a pint of water, dose, half an ounce to two ounces; cornin, the active principle, dose, one to eight grains.

Dwarf Elder (Aralia Hispida). A perennial under shrub, growing from New England to Virginia. The bark of the root is diuretic and alterative. An infusion made from it is used in gravel, suppression of the urine, and dropsy; to be taken in wineglassful doses, three or four times a day.

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