Chapter 28 - Medicinals A - Z

28.7 G

Galls. These are the unhealthy excrescences found growing on the young boughs of the dyer's oak, Quercus infectoria, growing in Asia. They are powerfully astringent. In the form of infusion, or decoction, made in the proportion of half an ounce to a pint of water, they are useful as an astringent gargle, wash, or injection; and finely powdered galls, one part to eight parts of lard, make a valuable ointment for bleeding piles. Dose of powdered galls, from ten to fifteen grains.

Gamboge. The hardened juice of trees growing in Siam and Cochin China. This gum resin is a hydragogue cathartic, acting severely and harshly upon the bowels, and hence is not often used alone. On account of the severity of its action, it is improper to use it during inflammation of the stomach or bowels, piles, pregnancy, diseased womb, or excessive menstruation. Combined with cream of tartar and jalap, it is a valuable remedy in dropsy. The dose is one or two grains.

Garlic (Allium Sativum). The bulb is the part used. It is stimulant, diuretic, expectorant, and rubefacient; useful in cough, hoarseness, whooping cough, and in the nervous spasmodic coughs of children. Dose, from twenty grains to three drams; dose of the juice, mixed with sugar, half a teaspoonful to a teaspoonful. The bruised bulbs are sometimes usefully applied as a poultice to the chests of young children having inflammation of the lungs, and as drafts to the feet in inflammation of the brain, fevers, etc.

Gentian (Gentiana Lutea). It grows among the Alps, Apennines, and Pyrenees. The root is the part used, and is brought to this country from Germany. This medicine has long maintained its reputation, having, it is said, derived its name from Gentius, king of Illyria. It is a pure and simple bitter, exciting the appetite and invigorating the digestive powers. It may be used in all cases dependent on pure debility. It is much employed in dyspepsia, and during recovery from exhausting diseases. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; compound fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; solid extract, dose, three to ten grains; tincture, four ounces to one pint of diluted alcohol, dose, two to three drams. A valuable preparation is made by uniting fluid extract of rhubarb, two ounces; fluid extract of gentian, half an ounce; diluted alcohol, two pints; dose, half an ounce to an ounce.

Ginger (Zingiber Officinale). This is a native of Hindostan, and is cultivated in all parts of India. The root is the part used. It is a grateful stimulant and carminative, and is much used for dyspepsia, wind in the stomach, colic, gout, etc. It is an excellent addition to bitter infusions, and is much used to disguise the taste of nauseous medicines. Dose, from ten to twenty grains. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; tincture, four ounces to one pint of diluted alcohol, dose, two to four drams; infusion, dose, one to two ounces; syrup, dose, one to two drams.

Ginseng (Panax Quinquefolium). A perennial plant, growing in the Middle and Southern States. It is a mild tonic and stimulant, and has some reputation for improving impaired appetite, and for nervous debility, weak stomach, etc. Some persons are in the habit of chewing it, and it is considerably used in this way. Dose of the powdered root, from ten to forty grains of the infusion, from two to three fluid ounces.

Glycerin. This is the sweet or sugary portion of oils, and is obtained from them during the manufacture of lead plaster. It is demulcent and antiseptic, and has been recently recommended and used to some extent in place of cod liver oil, in consumption. It has been still more used, however, as a soothing and emollient external application in skin diseases, and also in place of lard in the preparation of ointments.

Gold. The chief salt of gold used in medicine is the chloride or muriate of gold and soda. It is diuretic and alterative. It is used in scrofula, skin diseases, goiter, scirrhous tumors, ophthalmia, dropsy and syphilis. Also in the Keeley cure for inebriates. It will, in many cases, take away the craving for liquor, but we think there is great danger of the patient becoming insane and having a desire to commit suicide. The dose is from one thirtieth to one twelfth of a grain, and is given dissolved in water, or made into pill with starch or gum arabic.

Golden Seal (Hydrastis Canadensis). A perennial plant, growing throughout the United States, particularly in the West. The root is the medicinal part. It is a tonic, having especial action upon diseased mucous tissues, and is particularly beneficial during recovery from exhausting diseases. It is used in dyspepsia, chronic affections of the nervous coats of the stomach, erysipelas, and remittent, intermittent and typhoid fevers. United with geranium, it has a fine effect in chronic diarrhea ,a and dysentery. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to two drams; solid extract, dose, two to three grains; hydrastin (resinoid), dose, one half to three grains; hydrastin (neutral), dose, two to five grains; hydrastina (alkaloid), dose, one to three grains ; tincture, three ounces to one pint of diluted alcohol, dose, from half an ounce to an ounce. For various forms of sore mouth and ulcerated sore throat, the following is a useful gargle: fluid extract of golden seal, half an ounce; fluid extract of blue cohosh, half an ounce; fluid extract of witch hazel, half an ounce; pulverized alum, one dram; honey, three drams ; water, one pint. As a stimulant for a sluggish liver, and as a tonic in enfeebled mucous membrane in epidemic dysentery, and other complaints, the following powders are valuable: hydrastin, twenty grains; leptandrin, twelve grains; podophyuin, two grains; pulverized cayenne, two grains; sugar of milk, or pulverized loaf sugar, one dram; rub together thoroughly in a mortar, and divide into twenty powders; give one every two hours.

Ground Ivy (Nepeta Glechoma). A perennial herb, common to the United States and Europe; in some places known as gill over the ground. The leaves are the part used, which are stimulant, tonic, and pectoral; considered useful in jaundice, asthma, and diseases of the kidneys and lungs.

Guaiacum. This medicine is the shavings or chips of the wood of a tree growing in the West Indies, also resin obtained from the same tree. It is stimulant and alterative, and is used in chronic rheumatism, diseases of the skin, scrofula, and venereal complaints. The tincture of the resin is valuable as an emnienagogue. Dose of the tincture, from one half to two teaspoonfuls, to be. taken with milk. The wood is much used as an ingredient in alterative preparations of sarsaparilla, etc.

Gum Arabic. This is the hardened sap of trees growing in Egypt, Arabia, and other tropical countries, being several varieties of the acacia. It is demulcent, and a combustive nutritive, and is much used in forming mixtures for hoarseness, cough, sore throat, gonorrhea, inflammation of the bladder, strangury, bronchitis, and irritations of mucous membranes generally. Mucilage of gum arabic is a preparation made by dissolving four ounces of powdered gum in a pint of boiling water.

Gum, Hemlock. This is the hardened juice of the hemlock, Abies Canadensis, a tree growing in Canada and Maine. This gum is a mild rubefacient, and like burgundy pitch, chiefly used to make plasters, etc., for which purpose it is very valuable. A tincture of the gum is diuretic and stimulant. The oil of hemlock is valuable, in combination with other oils, in preparing liniments. The bark. is astringent, and is much used in tanning leather.

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