Chapter 28 - Medicinals A - Z

28.8 H

Heamastasis. This word is used to imply the retention of the venous blood in the limbs by ligatures. A cord or common handkerchief is tied round the upper part of the arms, or thighs, and a piece of wood being slipped under the cord, is twisted round until the cord is so tightened as to prevent the return of the venous blood, but not to prevent the outward passage of the arterial blood. In this way, the blood passing out continually in the arteries, and not returning by the veins, the vessels of the limbs become filled to their utmost capacity, and a great quantity, for the time being, is withdrawn from the trunk. This process is useful in bleedings from the lungs, stomach and womb, and inflammation of the brain, lungs, bowels, etc., and in whatever case it may be thought desirable, for the time being, to lessen the blood in the head or trunk, without debilitating the patient.

Hair cap Moss (Polytrichum Juniperum). An evergreen plant growing on poor, sandy soils in the Northern States. A strong infusion of it is powerfully diuretic. In dropsical cases, two fluid ounces of the infusion should be taken every half hour. It is useful in fevers, inflammations, gravel, etc.

Hardhack (Spirea Tomentosa). This is a beautiful shrub, common in the United States. Its leaves are of a dark green color above, and white underneath. It is tonic and astringent, and is much used in chronic diarrhea, cholera infantum, etc. It agrees well with the stomach, and is deservedly a popular remedy in summer complaints of children. A fluid extract of it is the best preparation; dose, four to twenty drops. It is much used in the form of infusion. The green herb boiled in milk forms a valuable preparation in chronic diarrhea, when attended with much debility.

Hardleaf Golden Rod (Solidago Rigida). A perennial plant, growing throughout the United States, especially on the western prairies. It is tonic, astringent and styptic, and useful to arrest bleeding from the nose, lungs, stomach, and bowels. The powder and infusion are used, both externally and internally.

Helonias (Helonias Dioica). This herb is common in the United States, and is known by the name of false unicorn plant. The root, which is the part used, is tonic, diuretic, and vermifuge. In large doses it is emetic, and when used fresh, sialagogue. In five or seven grain doses, three times a day, it relieves dyspepsia, restores the appetite, expels worms, and relieves colic. It is a valuable womb tonic, gradually removing debility of that organ, and curing whites, painful menstruation, and a tendency to habitual abortion. Dose of the decoction, from two to four fluid ounces. The decoction is said to kill insects, bugs, etc. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, one to three drams ; helonin, the active principle, dose, one fourth to one half a grain.

Henbane (Hyoseyamus Niqer). This plant grows abundantly in Great Britain, and on the continent of Europe, and is rare in this country. All the parts are active. It is narcotic, gently accelerating the circulation, increasing the general warmth, occasioning a sense of heat in the throat, and after a time inducing sleep. It is often used in the place of opium, because it does not bind the bowels. Used in rheumatism, gout, bronchitis, asthma, consumption, whooping cough, hysterics, and spasmodic affections generally. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, ten to fifteen drops; solid extract, dose, half a grain to a grain ; tincture, two ounces to one pint of diluted alcohol, dose, half a dram to a dram; hyoscyamin, the active principle, dose, one eighth to half a grain. In neuralgia, rheumatism, St. Vitus's dance, painful menstruation, etc., the following may be found useful: solid extract of hyoscyamus, two drams; solid extract of valerian, two drams; solid extract of aconite, one dram, sulphate of quinia, one dram. Mix, and divide into two grain pills; one pill every two or three hours.

High Cranberry ( Viburnum Opulus). This shrub grows in rich soils in Canada, and in the northern United States. The bark, which is the medicinal part, is antispasmodic, being used in cramps, spasms, asthma, hysterics, and is useful for those who are subject to convulsions during pregnancy, and at the time of childbirth. It is popularly known by the name of cramp bark. A decoction or infusion of the bark may be used in tablespoonful doses, two or three times a day. Dose of the extract, from one to three grains; in womb troubles, it may be united with caulophyllin, cimicifugin, aletridin, senecin, and asclepidin; and in flatulent colic, spasmodic pains of the stomach and bowels, it may be combined with dioscorein.

Horehound (Marubium Vulgare). This well known perennial herb is a native of Europe, and has become naturalized in this country. It is tonic, aperients, pectoral, and sudorific. It is deservedly popular in domestic practice, for colds, asthma, throat ails, bronchitis, and other pectoral affections, attended with cough. 'It is much used in candy. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to one dram; solid extract, dose, five to eight grains; tincture, two ounces to one pint of alcohol, dose, half an ounce to an ounce; syrup, three ounces fluid extract to one pint of simple syrup, dose, three to five drams.

Hops (Humulus Lupulus). The cones of this well known plant are tonic, hypnotic, antilithic, and anthelmintic. They are chiefly used for promoting sleep, and relieving pain and irritability of the nervous system. Hops are valuable in the form of fomentation, either alone or in combination with boneset and other bitter herbs. An ointment of hops and stramonium leaves is sometimes used in salt rheum, and upon painful tumors and ulcers. A pillow stuffed with hops, dipped in hot water, and placed under the head of the patient, relieves pain and procures sleep. Lupulin is the yellow powder obtained by threshing the hops, and is preferable to the hop itself. It is a powerful antaphrodisiac, composing the genital organs, and quieting painful erections, in gonorrhea, etc. Preparations. Fluid extract, dose, half a dram to a dram; solid extract, dose, five to fifteen grains; tincture, two and half ounces to one pint of alcohol, dose, three to five drams; infusion, four drams one pint of water, dose, two to three ounces; lupulin, dose, six to eight grains; tincture of lupulin, two ounces to one pint of alcohol, dose. one to two drams, in sweetened water; fifteen to twenty grains of lupulin, well rubbed up with white sugar in a mortar, is very efficacious in priapism, chordee, and spermatorrhoea.

Horsemint (Monarda Punctata). This well known plant, which is common to the United States, is stimulant, carminative, and diuretic. A warm infusion may be used in flatulence, nausea, and vomiting. If the body be kept cool while taking it, it will act as a diuretic. The oil of horsemint is used for similar purposes with the plant. Dose, from two to five drops on sugar. Dose of the essence, from ten to twenty drops in sweetened water. The oil is frequently used as an ingredient in liniments.

Horseradish (Cochlearia Armoracia). The fresh root of this well known perennial is stimulant, diuretic, antiscorbutic, and rubefacient. It is useful in rheumatic, paralytic, scorbutic, dropsical, and dyspeptic affections. It is said that a warm infusion of the fresh root in cider, drunk freely every night, will cause perspiration and a free flow of urine, and will consequently cure dropsy. The fresh root grated in vinegar, and eaten with meat at dinner, strengthens the stomach and promotes digestion.

Houseleek (Sempervivum Tectorum). The bruised leaves of this perennial form a cooling application to burns, stings of insects, erysipelas, and other inflammations; valuable also for ringworm, shingles, and other skin diseases.

Hydrangea (Hydrangea Arborescens). This grows abundantly in the Southern, Middle, and Western States. Its root is medicinal. It is diuretic, and has been much praised for its power of relieving the excruciating pain caused by the passage of stone through the urethra, as well as for infallibly removing such stones from the bladder, provided they are not already too large for passage through the water pipe. A concentrated decoction or the fluid extract may be taken in teaspoonful doses several times a day, care being taken not to push the medicine to the extent of dizziness or oppression of the chest a native of the continent

Hyssop (Hyssopus Officinalis.) This is of Europe, and is cultivated in this country. The tops and leaves are the parts used. They are stimulant, aromatic, carminative, and tonic. The infusion has been much employed in chronic bronchitis of old people, and those of debilitated habits. It makes the raising of mucus more easy. The infusion may be combined with sage and alum, and sweetened with honey. The fresh leaves bruised, and applied externally, relieve the pain and disperse the spots and marks caused by contusions.

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