Chapter 3 - Temperament, Constitution of the Body, Symptoms of Diseases
Introduction
Medication and Temperaments
The Constitution
How to Examine a Patient
Explanatory Table of Symptoms
Temperature of the Body
Sickness During Life
Human Longevity
Strength and Warmth from Food and Drink
Weight of the Human Body
Diagram of Symptoms
Diagram of Symptoms
Diagram of Symptoms
Diagram of Symptoms
Diagram of Symptoms
Diagram of Symptoms
Symptoms of Different Diseases

3.2 Medication and Temperaments

Medication and Temperaments.

THE object of speaking of temperaments in this work is to make the reader acquainted with the principles upon which remedies axe to be adapted to their development. The philosophical minded physician will, in prescribing, always keep the temperament in view.

Persons of a Cephalic Temperament cannot bear powerful medicines, particularly drastic purges. Their fine, delicate and sensitive organizations would be torn all to pieces by doses which would hardly be sufficient in a fully developed muscular temperament. This should always be borne in mind in prescribing for persons of a large brain and delicate organization.
In this temperament, too, fevers, instead of running a high and fiery course, take the low typhoid type, the patient becoming pale, and showing a constant tendency to sink. Such patients would be killed by purging, leeching, cupping, sweating, and starving, They want tonics, stimulants, and every kind of support which the case will possibly permit.

Persons of a Thoracic Temperament, having a rapid circulation, and a fullness of blood, are most liable to inflammatory diseases. When fever attacks them, they have what is called a 4, high fever." If rheumatism comes, it is acute rheumatism. Disease takes hold of them smartly. As they do everything with emphasis and energy when well, so, when ill, they make a business of it, and are sick with all their might.
Stimulants and tonics generally make such persons worse. They want sedatives, and diaphoretics, and sweats, and purgatives, and leeches, and cups, and low diet, and cold bathing, and whatever else will slacken the ferocious swiftness of their circulation.

Those of the Abdominal Temperament are not particularly subject either to very high fevers, or to those typhoid forms which produce sinking. As in the two temperaments noticed above, their complaints chiefly attack the organs most largely developed. Their diseases affect the stomach, the liver, the spleen, and the bowels. These are the largest organs in their bodies, and are most used; and, being, overworked, they fall into disease.
As these persons are slothful in all their habits, so their diseases run a sluggish course. They are not so liable to sudden death as persons of either of the preceding temperaments. They have all sorts of chronic diseases which linger a great while, and are cured with much difficulty.
These persons will bear larger doses of medicine than either of the preceding. Neither do their constitutions respond as readily to medicine. A physician will be disappointed if he expects to see them recovering as fast under its use.

Those of a Muscular Temperament, having little fondness for anything but a hardy, active life, are much exposed to the elements. Though strong and long enduring, the hardship of their lives often breaks them down, and when felled by disease, they are oftentimes shockingly racked and torn by it.
These persons bear large doses of medicine, and when sick, need to be treated with an energy proportioned to the strength of their constitution. Rheumatism, which affects the joints, the ligaments, and the tendons, is an affection from which they suffer severely.

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