From Slight Wounds. Flush with cold water and cover with surgically clean cotton or gauze. Bandage firmly.
From Veins. Blood is dark red, flows freely from the wound and does not spurt. Lay patient down. Loosen tight clothing, garters or straps. Elevate wounded part. If severe, press on wound with hard pad of clean gauze or cotton. Apply cold by means of ice. If this does not stop bleeding, apply tight bandages near wound, but on side furthest from heart. In stopping bleeding by pressure, remember that flow of blood in veins is toward the heart; in arteries from the heart.
From Arteries. Blood bright red color, comes in spurts. There is great danger. Act quickly. ~end for surgeon. Lay patient down, cut away clothing and expose wounds. Elevate wounded limb. Apply pressure immediately, by thumb and finger covered with surgical gauze or a clean towel. Replace this by crowding gauze into wound and hold it with tight bandage.
If bleeding does not stop, compress arteries with tight bandage near wound, but between heart and wound. If artery passes over bone, press there with hands. If not, use tight bandage. When bleeding is stopped give warm drinks of tea, coffee or milk. After bleeding has been stopped cover the wound at once with surgically clean gauze or absorbent cotton and bandage. A soiled covering is worse than none at all and may cause blood poisoning.
Fainting from Bleeding. Lay the patient on the floor or couch, lower the head, keep the limbs elevated; apply warmth. Bleeding will start again when consciousness is restored. In bleeding from the socket of a tooth, pack with plaster of Paris.
Nose Bleed. Lay patient on back, raising arms above head. Apply ice or cold water to forehead, nose and back of neck. Let patient snuff cold water. Stuff gauze or cotton into nostrils. The nose must not be blown for several hours.
Bleeding from Lungs. Place patient on floor in a sitting posture. Give small pieces of cracked ice. Also small portions of salt mixed with vinegar. Place cold wet cloths on chest or stomach. (See page 658.)
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