First Aid to Wounded. Lay the patient in a comfortable position. Stop bleeding. A vital point is to cover the wound as quickly as possible; but before doing so saturate with equal parts of alcohol and water. This will cleanse the wound and prevent the entrance of contaminates. through contact with the clothing and other substances, and is the procedure which has been followed in gunshot and other wounds on the field of battle in modem wars and which has given excellent results.
The chief point is that the materials used to cover the wound must be absolutely clean; that is, surgically clean. It is safer as a rule to temporarily bind up the wound, dirt and all, than to touch it with unclean hands. Dirt, bits of glass or clothing, splinters of wood, fishhooks, pins or thorns should be picked out with tweezers or pincers. Grease, soot and dirt from machinery may be wiped out with surgically clean gauze. Do not mop a wound, but it may be flushed with the alcohol and water, allowing this to trickle over the wound. Never attempt to stitch a wound leave that for the surgeon.
Do not apply adhesive plaster except over small wounds. Wounds are best drawn together by a surgically clean ribbon bandage, and over this a covering. In pierced or punctured wounds caused by bayonets, swords, etc., in war, and by needles, fish hooks, bits of glass, splinters and other ordinary articles, remove the article causing the wound. If a portion has broken off, let a surgeon remove it. Fishhooks should be pushed through, not drawn backward.
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