Chapter 31 - The Woman Beautiful
A Treatise on How to Keep Young

31.1 A Treatise on How to Keep Young


IT was a wise old philosopher who said to his daughter: "Keep young, my child, and you will keep beautiful." To this he might have added, "Keep healthy and you will keep young."

Youth, health and beauty are the three qualities sought by womankind. Perhaps in the triple quest, beauty stands first, but it is hard to think of beauty without roses and of roses without youth. Keep healthy and you will keep young. You can cheat Father Time and actually hold him at bay. Follow this beauty quest patiently and faithfully, and you will keep so young that none but the family Bible can testify how old you are.

A French writer of the days of Louis XI said: "Make beauty a virtue; strive for it; work for it steadily; keep at the beauty contest unceasingly; and do not give up ever--even though the task looks long and apparently hopeless." The first fault of the woman who is growing in years is the figure. It grows heavy and becomes the middle-aged figure. She sleeps a little longer in the morning; is a little more tired during the day; eats more than she used to; goes to bed earlier, and is less careful of her appearance.

And this is what happens: She grows fat, her chin doubles; her abdomen creeps up; her belt line is too high and too big; her limbs become awkward; and her figure is bulky. She has passed from youth into middle age, but really there is no excuse for this,-it is simply carelessness and neglect of the charms Nature has given her; it is for the want of supplying her skin and muscles with fresh warm blood by proper and careful exercises-which, if followed out for fifteen minutes twice a day, should keep, restore and insure beauty of face and figure.

The woman who is beginning to look old, and the young woman who wants to keep her good looks, should both learn that youth and beauty depend principally upon eight things, all of which are extremely important. The figure: A woman should be neither too fat nor too thin, and in this connection it may be remarked that flesh is easily controlled. The complexion: Should be smooth and clear. The mouth, includes the care of two rows of shining teeth. The eyes: Should be bright, shaded with good lashes and outlined with nice even brows. The cheeks govern the shape of the face, and should be full and dimpled. The throat should be just slender enough to support the head like a column; a thick, heavy throat is an abomination, and a double chin is a sure sign of age. The hands should be tapering, white, well shaped and crowned with ten rosy nails. The hair, which is woman's crowning glory, should be kept natural, thick and becomingly dressed. We might add other points of beauty, but these are enough for the average woman. For the woman who is in fair form and wishes to remain so, should take the following exercises twice a day, clad in a loose suit for gymnasium work, and once a day before exercising take a tepid bath made brisk with aromatic vinegar.

First. The first lesson, and most important, is walking correctly. Put the body in the correct position, walk slowly with head erect, shoulders back, lungs full of air, chin high and far back, abdomen in, and hands at sides. In this position bend the body forward at the belt line; take long steps and turn the feet outward. This will give you the fashionable carriage which is both feminine and pretty. This exercise should be practiced for at least ten minutes daily. Second. With a wand in your hand, mount a footstool. This exercise consists in balancing, first on one foot, then upon the other, at the same time raising and lowering the wand high above the head. Third. The bending exercises must be taken up cautiously. Women who are delicate should not bend more than two or three times at a lesson. The exercises consist of walking or running around the room on all fours and bending backward until the hands almost touch the floor if possible, if not, as far as you can; of bending forward until the palms of the hands lay flat upon the carpet, and of swaying far to one side, then to the other.

These exercises are enough for the average woman, and if practiced faithfully twice each day together with the bath, will prevent superfluous flesh, and make the skin fresh and the muscles supple, strong and capable of their natural beauty and functions. For the stout and middle-aged woman we recommend the dumb-bell exercise. The dumb-bells should be of wood of the lightest make. This exercise, together with the bath, will surely reduce the form to its natural size, bringing the muscles back to their natural position The bath for a stout woman should be as cool as she can comfortably take. If her heart is weak-as of course it is-she should not take an ice bath, but a bath of cool water made spicy with bath vinegar. For water of the right temperature for a stout woman it is well to draw it the night before on retiring and let it stand until morning. It will then be the same temperature of the room, to which should be added the bath perfume or bath vinegar. An excellent bath perfume can be made by taking a pint of spirits of cologne, into this put half an ounce of oil of rose geranium, add one grain of musk and let stand for two weeks. Pour all into a two quart bottle and fill up with the very best alcohol. This should last about six months, and costs about a dollar. Use a small cupful to a bath. There is, a Frenchwoman making her fortune selling a bath vinegar to the British aristocracy. Here is her secret, it is not expensive: Procure a large rose jar, fill with dried rose petals, also dried green leaves of the rose ' the leaves of dried clover, sweet grasses broken into bits and red clover heads gathered in season. Spice the leaves with cloves, salt, and a few drops of oil of rose geranium, and stir thoroughly with the hand or a long stick. The contents of the jar is called Preserved Aromatic Leaves and is the foundation of the bath vinegar. The bath vinegar is made as follows:- Into a gallon jug put a quart of pure red wine vinegar, into this put a cup of Preserved Aromatic Leaves (prepared as above), cover the whole closely; at the end of three days strain off the vinegar and add a pint of pure alcohol. Then bottle. This makes a very invigorating mixture; one that wakens the skin and keeps it young. Another bath vinegar is made by adding a quart of strawberries to a quart of red wine vinegar. Let stand for three days, then strain and bottle for the bath. A cup in a tub of water makes a complexion bath. A roseleaf pillow made from the contents of the Preserved Aromatic Leaves is good for headache. A long bolster-like pad filled with the same leaves will quiet aching nerves, if a hot-water bag is laid upon the pillow to bring out the scent. For perfuming the house nothing can equal the beneficial effects of a rose jar of Preserved Aromatic Leaves, stirred in the lower hall every morning. One of Queen Victoria's physicians advised her to perfume her house daily. Her. Majesty had a horror of contagious diseases. "Stir a rose jar every day in the hallway," advised the doctor, "and you will. keep away germs, insects and disease microbes, for such pest will not enter when the room is filled with sweet scents." The extent of the beneficial effects of sweet scents upon the nerves is wonderful. The ancients, when ill, burned sweet spices, and the Bible says in olden times they treated the sick with sweet scents. In the hospitals of the large Oriental cities the nurses scatter a perfume about daily. Your physician will tell you that very sensitive women absolutely revive if given a whiff of violet. Violets are for the nerves, rose for the spirits, and Spanish scents and pinks for the head. The nervous woman should take a little ammonia and scent it with violet for the best results to her nerves. The restless woman is positively soothed by a bottle of fine perfume, and should consider it a necessity instead of a luxury. It should be a household remedy, kept in great bottles, home made and in constant use. The Complexion, or Care of the Skin. DIETING has its effects not only upon the figure but upon the skin. There was once a time when dieting meant going without food, and many a woman after two or three days of hunger gave it up as a very bad bargain. "I'd rather be fat," she said, "I don't like to starve to death, I cannot diet." Now, in the light of recent science, dieting does not mean being hungry. It means eating all-you want, but of food that agrees with you. The complexion, the spirits, the eyes, the liver, so much that is essential to the woman beautiful, depend upon the kind of food you eat. You can utterly destroy your beauty with the wrong kind of food.

The gifted Kipling declares he could tell by their "pastry skins" the women who live on pie. He said bad skins lived in the great pie belt of America. Yet Kipling was wrong. Pie, well baked and eaten warm, is good food. Hot pie, hot bread, hot foods of any kind are bad. They hold the heat too long in the stomach and, while lying there waiting to cool, it irritates the lining of the stomach. A very hot biscuit holds its heat a long time, long enough to injure the strongest stomach, but a moderately warm biscuit, is good food. Salt food is bad for the complexion. It holds the digestion back. Salt preserves food and very salt meat is retained in the stomach too long. It upsets the digestion and injures the skin. Sweets and sours are good for the complexion, but they should be taken at the right time. The society woman who is dependent upon her beauty for her belledom " is always dieting. Her best diet is the milk diet. For a week twice a year she takes nothing but milk. New York society women usually go upon this milk diet during Lent, as being the most convenient time, and for a week they take nothing into the system but milk. The dose for the milk diet as laid down by King Edward's physician at a famous country health cure is: "Take a glass of milk upon rising. Then follow it with a glass every hour all day. Add a pinch of salt if you prefer. Drink water between the glasses of milk. The milk will I wash all impurities out of the system." Milk thus taken is not very fattening. Women who are not very strong and who do not like the milk diet, and women who are very hungry, as well as women whose complexions are not very good, and want to improve them, can adopt a betwixt and between diet, which will do for every day in the year, the whole year around. It is called the complexion diet, and is used all the world over. The Complexion Diet. IN the morning on rising take a glass of cool water. Drink another glass when sitting down to breakfast. Let the breakfast consist of fruit if you like; if so, take no cream on your fruit. The union of acid and cream will cause a sour stomach and a poor skin. Baked apples are good, but do not eat baked apples and cream. The same can be said of strawberries and cream. For breakfast eat all the toast you want, eat one lamb chop if you like, and one small cup of coffee, but do not drink anything else with your meal. At noon (if you dine in the middle of the day) take soup, meat, baked potatoes, spinach or asparagus and celery and lettuce. Drink nothing and eat lightly of dessert. Drink all the water you want between meals but nothing at your meals. It was Bismark's physician who, on being asked to treat an otherwise beautiful Berlin lady for a poor complexion, said, "She is hopeless. She drinks too much." To the highly offended lady the physician explained that he meant too much water with her meals. For the evening meal take cooked fruit, toast, a very little weak tea and all the good wholesome cake you want. Eat no fruit that is not cooked, and do not take meat more than once a day. This will give a dietary that will cure the worst complexion, and incidentally it will benefit the teeth. Wrinkles. WRINKLES come in a woman's face as soon as she is fully grown. If she be near-sighted and frown, they will come at an earlier age. Worry, care, a tired-out state of the system and sickness brings furrows into a woman's brow long before she is old enough to deserve them. A wrinkle is like a crinkle in a piece of tissue paper. It is there, but it is easily smoothed out. It is work that must be done repeatedly, as wrinkles come back day by day, and with them you cannot look young. The wrinkle cure begins with a good face cream or skin food. This can be made at home. The best skin food or massage cream is as follows:- Of pure mutton tallow take enough to fill an egg shell, warm it, and put in a double boiler over hot water, add half the amount of oil of sweet almonds. Scent with 5 drops of oil of rose geranium, beat with an egg beater as it cools. This can be used as a retiring cream. At night before going to bed your hard work begins.

First, thoroughly wash the face. If you have not been out in the dust a good washing with the finger tips will do, otherwise you should steam the face. This is easily performed by holding a sponge of hot water to the skin. Do not burn the face, but lift the sponge, letting the water drip over the face; repeat until the skin is hot. A flesh brush is good. It should be very soft and rubbed very lightly upon the skin. An assistant can give you the flesh brush treatment, running lightly over your face, neck and shoulders, using hot water and pure soap; rinse well afterwards. Then take the massage cream and massage the wrinkles. Take a little of the cream, melt it slightly, dip your clean finger tips and rub them across the wrinkles. They will smooth out under the magical influence of your fingers and the cream will sink into the cuticle and plump out the skin. It is the greatest wrinkle destroyer known. But wrinkles, after one has reached the age of forty years, must be rubbed out nightly or at least three times a week. That is the only way to banish them.

The plaster treatment has been tried with good results, and will appeal to 'Women who have not time for the massage. The wrinkle is stretched flat, and slender strips of plaster are applied. When taken off, the wrinkle will be much lighter. The arms and shoulders can be made plump by exercise, and by applying the skin food. Rub the food in, leaving it on the skin over night if possible. If the neck is thin and the chin is double-a combination often seen-take the neck and throat exercises which is as follows -.- Bend the head backward and forward and sway the arms. Massage the neck with skin food. It will plump out the hollows and give a nice round neck. Care of the Hand. THE care of the hands resembles the care of the face. The hands must be creamed every night. Once a week the nails should be filed until they are the shape of the tips of the fingers. The society woman with taper fingers will have pointed nails, but the business woman whose finger tips are blunt, should cut her nails rounding. The prettiest results are always obtained by filing the nails the shape of the finger tips.

The very long nail is good if one can keep it from breaking. To do so, rub the finger nails every night with vaseline and almond oil, and they will not break. White spots are scars caused by the orange wood stick or by some sharp instrument used for pushing back the flesh from the base of the nails. Be careful not to press on the nail as you push back the flesh. To clean the hands after working, take sweet oil and thoroughly rinse the hands with it, rubbing round and round as though one were using a cake of soap. Then fill in under the nails with a good hand soap by scraping the nails over the soap. Wash off in-several waters, wiping and drying thoroughly. Freckled hands in summer are caused by letting the sun touch the hands immediately after they have been washed. The freckles can be removed with lemon juice followed by cold cream, or with a cucumber water. To make cucumber water, steep a cut-up cucumber in a pint of water; strain and add a teaspoonful of borax powder. Once a week wash the hands in a great basin of tepid water into which add about five drops of tincture of benzoin. This keeps the skin white. Sleep. BEAUTY depends largely upon one's sleep. The woman who sleeps soundly is more apt to keep her beauty than one who is sleepless. Plenty of exercise and plain food generally induce sound sleep. Almost a sure cure for sleeplessness Is that of remaining up until one is really sleepy. The woman who is awake from three to five every morning should try by remaining up until 12 o'clock to sleep until 7 o’clock the next morning. This should break up the habit of waking early ~ Sleeping with the arms over the head is an indication of backache. Young women with aching muscles most always throw the arms over the head to relieve the strain upon the back. Indigestion and a weak stomach also cause the afflicted one to raise her arms over her head at night. This is a bad habit, as it strains the muscles of the abdomen, and should be cured by rest and proper exercise; sometimes by eating before one goes to bed will help cure the habit. Crackers are too indigestible, but a good slice of bread and butter will sometimes assist in the cure. Women who are recovering from a serious illness and wish to recover their beauty as well as their health, should devote certain moments of rest listening to strains of sweet music, which has a very strong influence upon the convalescent, as it is very quieting to the nerves. Fresh air is beauty's great aid. An outdoor shady corner, with music, and a rose pillow, will call back the bloom to the cheeks and should be indulged in every day the weather permits. Olive oil is a great beautifier. A tablespoonful taken before each meal will fill out the tissues and help the digestion, without making one fat. Care of the Mouth. THE middle aged woman seldom or never has a lovely mouth. The teeth sometimes go early in life, and by the age of forty-five they are possibly in a poor condition. When you see an otherwise pretty woman with a crooked mouth, or with her mouth far to one side you say, "Some of her teeth are gone." If you investigate, you will find spaces on the crooked side of her mouth. As she lost her teeth her cheek on that side fell in, her mouth drew to one side and her beauty disappeared. This can easily be avoided. Have your missing teeth supplied. In these days a good dentist implants teeth. He will also bridge or crown them in such a way that no gold is visible. Go to a cosmetic dentist. A cosmetic dentist is one who aims at beauty. He tries to make you better looking. He restores your teeth until they look just as they did when you were a girl of seventeen. He bleaches them, he straightens them, he replaces your teeth, and sends you home with a handsome mouth. It is never pleasant to go to a dentist, but there is nothing which so amply repays one. Shun the dentist who puts gold in the front of your mouth. There is such a thing as an " old fogy " dentist, who tries to place a gold cap just where it will grin at the world every time you open your mouth. A cosmetic dentist will pivot the tooth. Don't argue, but find a dentist who is full of his art. Keep the teeth nice by cleaning them with a good tooth paste at least twice a day. Once a week go over them lightly and quickly with some finely powdered pumice. Do not rub hard enough to hurt the enamel, but only sufficient to take off the stains. Rinse the teeth before going to bed at night, and always bear in mind that a sweet mouth is a most attractive feature. Care of the Eyes. IN summing up beauty's requirements, it is difficult to say how the eyes should be classified, they are so much to the face. Beautiful t eyes should be large and full. The lashes healthy and long, the eye- brows almost straight across the forehead. Meeting brows give one a scowling look. On the other hand scanty brows make one look frightened. If your eyebrows are thin, take a little vaseline and heat it with an equal quantity of pure almond oil. Stir together, pour into a jar and let cool; at night set the bottle in hot water and when the mixture is melted, apply to the eyebrows with a camel's hair brush. Paint them as delicately as though you were painting them upon a canvas.

Washing the eyes with hot water at night will add much to their beauty. This clears them of dust and gives them a chance to rest during the night. On coming in upon a dusty day, wash the eyes with water to which borax powder has been added. In buying borax for the eyes, tell the druggist how you wish to use it; add a little to the water and bathe your eyes every day. Fat faced women always have small eyes. As the fat increases on the face the cheeks puff up and the eyes dwindle. Eyes can be made larger if one will take the trouble -to massage the cheeks until the fat is less noticeable. Never touch the eyes with the hands to make them larger. Delicate women have large eyes with shadows under them. As they grow older these shadows become bags, generally caused by internal troubles. Bags under the eyes destroy the beauty of the face. To get rid of these bags or eye sacs, massage carefully and persistently, also reform the diet, for the eyes are particularly the sign of a bad liver. It is good to eat apples, cooked and raw; correct the liver and the eye sacs will disappear. If the brows meet between the eyes, or if there is superfluous hair upon the upper lip, something must be done for its removal. The electric needle is best. If you wish to use the electric needle it is easily and cheaply acquired. Buy a set of electric cords, a wrist electrode, a needle, needle holder and a galvanic battery. The last mentioned can be used for many household purposes and is always money well spent. The outfit aside from the battery costs about three dollars. A woman troubled with superfluous hair on her upper lip pulled out the hairs and applied weak ammonia water; only half came back, she repeated the remedy, and after several treatments all the hairs disappeared. If the hands and arms are covered with superfluous hair, the hairs can be made less noticeable by bleaching them with peroxide of hydrogen. Add a little ammonia to the peroxide. Ammonia will in time kill the constitution of the hair, and the hairs will fall out, meanwhile they will be so very light as to be hardly visible. Powdered pumice will take a light growth of down off the arms and wrists.

The Hair. THE hair should be studied by a woman as carefully as the care of the face. The hair is a great addition to any woman's looks, but from lack of proper care is frequently quite the reverse. It should be heavy, glossy, clean, and so arranged that it acts as a frame to the face. In these days all women can have heavy hair. The scalp should be massaged once a week with the finger tips and where the hair is getting thin, there should be the oil treatment for the scalp. Pour into a thimble enough oil to half fill it. Use castor oil if you are equal to the odor, otherwise use pure oil of almonds. Part off the hair, dip the tips of the fingers one by one in the oil, and then carefully, so not to make the hair oily, go down the parting, gently spatting and massaging it. Part off the hair again, pat it, and continue until the whole scalp has been slightly oiled, but do not get a particle of oil upon the hair. Shampoo the hair once in three weeks, with either an egg or soap shampoo.' For egg shampoo, use tepid water, wet well, then rub in the yolks of two eggs, rinse with several hot waters; in the last use a little borax to soften the water. For soap shampoo, use the best castile soap, Make a suds but never rub the soap on the hair; rinse carefully- To brighten the color of the hair, add a little baking soda to the shampoo, afterwards washing it out well. To make the hair " bloom, dry in the sun, afterwards shaking it out to ventilate. Excellent Hair Tonic. Take a 5-cent bar of white castile soap and dissolve in a quart of boiling- water, boil 10 minutes, cool and add one pint of bay rum, one tablespoonful of borax and 20 grains of quinine. Add a tablespoonful to your shampoo water. To Bleach or Redden the Hair. To change the color of the hair is never good taste, but the hair can be brightened in some simple way. The woman who must bleach her hair can do so with pure peroxide of hydrogen, but it will look bleached, and moreover it requires constant care to keep it colored as it grows out. To redden the hair, wash it in henna tea made by ,steeping henna leaves in hot water. A woman should take stock of her attractions frequently. She should study her weak points, fortify and improve them, it is labor, but labor well spent, for only in this way will she keep herself young and attain the desired end, namely, that of being always a young and beautiful woman. To Enlarge the Bust. An efficacious, yet safe method to enlarge the bust is a persistent massage with some bland oil, of which cocoanut or olive oil are good examples. With a rotary motion and little oil, the breast should be thoroughly rubbed morning and night for some weeks, and a gratifying result will be obtained. The employment of tablets, fancy formulas, etc., will only too of ten result in disappointment if not disaster,

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