Chapter 33 - Phrenology
Definition of Phrenology
Location of the Organs - Diagram 1
Location of the Organs - Diagram 2
Introduction to Phrenology
The Groups and Their Functions
Definition of the Organs

33.5 The Groups and Their Functions

The Groups and Their Functions.


How to Find the Organs. The locations of the perceptive organs and most of the others lying at the base of the brain are readily determined by means of our diagram (fig. 23) and descriptions; the eyes, the eyebrows, the ears, or the occipital protuberance, as the case may be, furnishing a convenient point of departure from which each may be reached with little chance for error. The exact situations of those lying farther from these fixed points are less easily determined by the beginner. Draw a line perpendicularly upward from the opening of the ear: you first cross Destructiveness, which lies above and partly behind the ear. When large, there will be great width of brain between the ears, and a swelling out of the organ just over the orifice of the ear; when small, the head will be narrow between the ears, with no protuberance at the point designated. Next above this, and three quarters of an inch from the top of the ear, you come upon the fore part of Secretiveness. Extending this line upward, you pass over Sublimity and Conscientiousness, and at the top of the head strike the fore part of Firmness, which, when large, gives a fullness to the crown. Taking this as another fixed point, you can readily determine the location of the other organs on the median line, and each side of it. Between Self Esteem and Inhabitiveness, on this central line, is Continuity, which, being generally small, is usually marked by a depression at that point, and is thus easy to find. To find Cautiousness, another important point to fix correctly in the mind, draw a line perpendicularly upward from the back part of the ear, and just where the head begins to round off to form the top, you will come upon that organ. Forward of Cautiousness, and in a line with it, are Sublimity, Ideality, and Mirthfulness. Between Firmness and Benevolence is Veneration, in the center of the tophead. When this middle part rounds out and rises above the parts next before and behind it, Veneration is larger than Firmness and Benevolence. Below Veneration are the two organs of Hope and Spirituality. Above Alimentiveness, and the fore part of Destructiveness, is Acquisitiveness. A horizontal line drawn backward from the outer angle of the eye strikes at the center of the backhead the upper part of the organ of Parental Love. An inch or a little less below this point is the occipital protuberance, which denotes by its degree of development the power of endurance, and activity of the muscular system. It is large in great walkers. On each side of this ' and just below, is the organ of Amativeness, giving thickness to the neck below and between the ears. With these points fixed in the mind, you will be enabled to find the organs; but must learn to distinguish the form of each and its appearance when developed in different proportions to the others. We have referred to our diagrams, symbolical head, and bust, but these can only show the situation of the organs on some particular head, taken as a model, and it is impossible by means of them to convey more information than we have thus conveyed. The different appearances in all the varieties of relative size must be discovered by inspecting numbers of heads and comparing one with another.

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