Chapter 33 - Phrenology
Definition of Phrenology
Location of the Organs - Diagram 1
Location of the Organs - Diagram 2
Introduction to Phrenology
The Groups and Their Functions
Definition of the Organs

33.6 Definition of the Organs

1. Amativeness. Love between the sexes, desire to marry. This organ is situated in the base of the backhead as shown (No. 1, fig. 23). A large cerebellum or bump is usually accompanied by a massive chin indicative of strength, vital stamina and ardor of passion. RESTRAINT. The excesses to which this propensity often leads are not always referable to the excessive development of the organ in the brain. The true cause is often gastric irritation and an inflamed state of the blood. A too stimulating diet; liquors, coffee, and tobacco, and the excitements of sensational life, are the principal causes of this unhealthy condition. The first step is to remove these causes. Abandon the stimulants, withdraw from social excitements and cultivate the society of people living a quieter and more sober and natural life. Bathing and exercise in the open air, with a rather spare and cooling diet, will aid in restoring the system to a healthy tone. A. Conjugality .Matrimony, love of one, union for life. LOCATION. This organ is situated in the lower part of the back head (A, fig. 23), just above Amativeness. It does not admit of pictorial illustration, except merely to indicate its place. Cultivation. To develop this organ strive to center all hopes, interests and plans for life in the one already beloved, and not let new faces awaken new loves.

2. Parental Love. Regard for offspring, pets, etc. LOCATION. The organ of Parental Love, or Philoprogenitiveness, is situated above the middle part of the cerebellum (2, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. To cultivate this organ one should court the society of children, play with them and enter into their sports and games, sympathize with them in their joys and grieves, being tender and indulgent toward them. Those who have no children should adopt one or more, or provide some suitable pets.

3. Friendship. Adhesiveness, sociability, love of society. LOCATION. This organ is situated at the posterior edge of the parietal bone (3, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Friendship may be cultivated by associating freely with those around us, going into society, keeping the heart open to all social influences.

4. Inhabitiveness. Love of home and country. Location .Inhabitiveness is located between Parental Love and Continuity, on the back part of the head (4, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Make home attractive and cultivate a love of it by planting trees and shrubs, and by dwelling on the associations connected with it. Reading history of one's country and cherishing just pride in its greatness and glory.

5. Continuity. One thing at a time, consecutiveness. Location. Continuity is situated next above Inhabitiveness and below Self Esteem (5, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Have an arrangement of work or business as will compel continuous attention to one thing, or a steady adherence to one line of conduct. Let it be "one thing at a time." E. Vitativeness. Love and tenacity of life, dread of death. Location.(E, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. The constant contemplation of the pleasures and advantages of life in the largest possible measure, or to do good by living will increase this organ. RESTRAINT. A morbid love of this life should be held in check by cultivating faith in God and in a better life to come.

6. Combativeness. Resistance, defense, courage, opposition. Location. This lies behind and above the ears (fig. 23) at 6. Its office is to give the will and ability to overcome obstacles, contend for rights. If it be necessary to fight for these objects, it gives the pluck to do it. CULTIVATION. To cultivate, one should rather court encounters with whatever has a tendency to call out a spirit of opposition placed as guards over it before it bursts into flame, the rising spirit of anger and contention.

7. Destructiveness. Executiveness, force, energy. Location. Destructiveness (7, fig. 23) is situated immediately above the ear. RESTRAINT. TO restrain, cultivate Benevolence, a mild and forgiving spirit, avoid killing anything, and take but Little animal food and no alcoholic liquors.

8. Alimentiveness. Appetite, hunger, love of eating. LOCATION. It is situated(fig. 23), immediately in front of the upper part of the ear. RESTRAINT. To restrain this is difficult. It requires the exercise of the higher organs, whose action will hold the appetites in check. The temptations of rich, highly seasoned food should be avoided. "Eat to live, rather than live to eat."

9. Acquisitiveness. Accumulation, frugality, economy. Location. This organ is situated on the side of the head next above Alimentiveness (9, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Some plan must be made to compel a more prudent and saving course. Keeping a strict account of personal expenses, balancing cash accounts frequently, will remind one how the money goes and wherein much of it might be saved. RESTRAINT. The only way to restrain this is by cultivating the higher faculties and sentiments; bringing their influence to bear upon them; keeping them in due subjection.

10. Secretiveness. Discretion ' reserve, policy, management. LOCATION. The organ of this propensity is situated at the inferior edge of the parietal bone (10, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. There must be a constant effort to suppress injudicious out gushings of feeling. Impulse must be kept in check by Cautiousness and reason. RESTRAINT. A more frank, open and straightforward manner should be cultivated, and constant effort be made to give hearty expression to thought and feeling.

11. Cautiousness. Prudent, provision, watchfulness. LOCATION. The place of this organ is on the upper, lateral and posterior part of the head (11, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. By intellectual effort one may arouse Cautiousness and promote its development. The disastrous results of indiscretion, carelessness and recklessness should be kept before the mind, and a more prudent and watchful policy resolved upon. RESTRAINT. Reason should tell us that excessive Cautiousness inclines us to magnify dangers, and to be overanxious; we should therefore adopt a bold and decided course of action and promote a more daring spirit.

12. Approbativeness. Ambition, display, love of praise. Location. Located on the upper and back part of the top sidehead (12, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. One who is too careless of reputation and of the opinions of his fellowmen, should see the real value of public opinion and of the importance of one's character, and standing among men. The cultivation of manners and etiquette will help to develop this organ.

13. Self Esteem. Self respect, independence, dignity. Location. This organ is at the back part of the tophead (13, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. This faculty should be corrected by bringing into view the best traits of one's character. "I am a man," or "I am a woman" RESTRAINT. To restrain forwardness, pride, excessive self confidence and an overbearing, domineering spirit, cultivate the moral sentiments and especially Veneration.

14. Firmness. Decision, perseverance, stability, tenacity of will. LOCATION. This organ is at the back part of the coronal region (14, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. One must constantly remember his weakness in this matter and strive to have a mind of his own, and to overcome difficulties instead of turning aside to avoid them. RESTRAINT. TO restrain Firmness, we must subject it to the influence of reason and the moral sentiments. Listen, at least, to advice, and if good try to profit by it.

15. Conscientiousness. Integrity, love of right, justice, equity. Location. This organ is on the posterior and lateral parts of the coronal region (15, fig. 23). Cultivation. Keep a sense of right and wrong uppermost in our minds in all transactions, and to make everything subservient to justice and moral principle. Our motto should be: "Let justice be done though the heavens fall."

16. Hope. Expectation, enterprise, anticipation. Location. This organ is on the side of the tophead (16, fig. 23). Cultivation. Lively society and companionship of those who are cheerful and buoyant. Do not be easily discouraged nor look on the dark side. RESTRAINT. COOL judgment must be kept always on guard to correct the overestimates of this sentiment. In business, persons in whom Hope is too large, should adopt and strictly adhere to the cash principle, as there is great liability to buy too much and sell without sufficient security.

17. Spirituality. Intuition, faith, "light within," credulity. Location. This organ (17, fig. 23) is situated above Ideality, in the region of the tophead. Cultivation. Meditations on divine things, the reading of religious works and attending religious meetings will aid in its development, if right use be made of such opportunities. RESTRAINT. When it is necessary to check Spirituality, the restraining organs of Cautiousness, Self Esteem and Firmness must be called to the support of reason, and the mind withdrawn from the constant contemplation of the spiritual and fixed upon the real, tangible things of this life.

18. Veneration. Reverence for sacred things, devotion, respect. Location. This organ is situated in the middle of the coronal region (18, fig. 23), between Benevolence and Firmness. CULTIVATION. Attendance on religious worship, respect to all superiors should be cultivated, and the mind led to the contemplation of the greatness and goodness of God.

19. Benevolence. Kindness, goodness, sympathy, philanthropy. LOCATION. This organ is situated in the middle of the fore part of the tophead. Its location is marked with its proper number (19) in our diagram (fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Read and reflect upon the life of Christ, also strive to be less selfish and accustom yourself to deeds of benevolence.

20. Constructiveness. Mechanical ingenuity, sleight of hand. Location. This organ (20, fig. 23) is situated just forward of Acquisitiveness. CULTIVATION. The constant use of tools, however awkwardly at first, the study of the mechanic arts, writing, drawing, etc., will exercise this organ and promote its development.

21. Ideality. Refinement, love of beauty, taste, purity. LOCATION. This organ is situated nearly along the temporal ridge of the frontal bone (21, fig. 23), between Mirthfulness and Sublimity, and directly above Constructiveness. CULTIVATION. To cultivate this faculty carefully avoid all vulgar habits, associates and surroundings, keep good company, be tasteful in dress, practice the best style in conversation and manners, study poetry, art and general literature, and appreciate beauty in all its forms. B. Sublimity. Love of grandeur. LOCATION. Just back of Ideality. (B, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. The contemplation of mountain scenery, the ocean, the cataract, the volcano, the reverberating thunder, and whatever else is grand, or sublime, will develop this faculty.

22. Imitation. Copying, patterning, mimicry, following examples. Location. This organ is situated on the side of the tophead, between Ideality and Benevolence. CULTIVATION. Writing from copy, drawing, making patterns and models, attending dramatic exhibitions, taking part in private theatricals will develop this organ.

23. Mirthfulness.--Perception of the absurd, jocoseness, wit, fun. LOCATION.-This organ is situated on the side of the upper part of the forehead (23, fig. 23). CULTIVATION.-The company of mirthful people should be sought, laughter is promotive of health and longevity. The injunction to "laugh and grow fat!" is not without reason. RESTRAINT.-It is the abuse of this faculty that we should strive to avoid, by cultivating sobriety and reverence. We often give great pain by our disposition to "make fun" at the expense of others.

24. Individuality.-Observation, desire to see and examine. This.-This organ is situated in the center of the lower part of the forehead (24, fig. 23) immediately above the top of the nose. CULTIVATION.--Study natural history--especially botany-anatomy, mineralogy and chemistry to develop this faculty. It is also exercised in the study of Phrenology and Physiognomy.

25. Form.-Recollection of shape, memory of persons and faces. LOCATION.-This organ is situated in the internal angle of the orbit (25, fig. 23), and if large, pushes the eyeball toward the external angle, a little outward and downward. CULTIVATION.---Study sciences as Phrenology, Botany, etc. Take constant observation of everything presented to the eye.

26. Size.--Cognizance of magnitude, measuring by the eye. LOCATION.-This organ is at the internal extremity of the arch of the eyebrows (26, fig. 23). CULTIVATION.-Make constant attempts to estimate the length, breadth and other dimensions of objects, verifying observation by measurement.

27. Weight.-Balancing, climbing, perception of the law of gravity. LOCATION.-This organ is located on the super ciliary’s ridge, about one-third of its extent from the root of the nose (27, fig. 23). CULTIVATION.--Skating, practicing gymnastic feats, riding on a horse, walking, climbing, sailing, etc., develop Weight. RESTRAINT.-If one attempts dangerous feats of climbing, walking on narrow places, etc., he should cultivate Cautiousness and hold Weight in check.

28. Color.-Perception and judgment of colors and love of them. LOCATION.-This organ (28, fig. 23) is the middle of the eyebrow, at the most elevated part of the ridge. CULTIVATION.---Observing and classifying or arranging colors, painting, cultivating flowers, etc., will develop this organ.

29. Order.-Perception and love of method, system. Location.~--This organ is situated over the outer corner of the eye (29Y fig. 23), between Color and Calculation. CULTIVATION.-Any business that requires system and orderly arrangement, studies involving contemplation and a regular arrangement of objects, will develop Order.

30. Calculation. Cognizance of numbers, mental arithmetic. LOCATION. This organ is situated at the outer angle of the eye (30, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. The study of arithmetic and algebra, and the practice of calculation in its various forms and especially mental computations, exercise and develop this faculty.

31. Locality. Recollection of places and scenery. LOCATION. This organ is situated in the forehead over the inner corner of the eyebrows (31, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Traveling, the study of geography, memory of places, roads, landmarks, etc., will develop this organ. RESTRAINT. A too strong disposition to rove, or a restless desire for a continual change of place, must be met by a determination to settle down and establish a permanent home.

32. Eventuality. Memory of facts and circumstances. Location. This organ is situated in the center of the forehead (32, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Reading history, mythology, the newspapers of the day, etc., charging the memory with the events related; writing down or relating the incidents of everyday life and telling stories, will promote development.

33. Time. Cognizance of duration and succession of time, punctuality. LOCATION. This organ is situated just above the middle of the eyebrow (33, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Regular habits in time, as in rising, retiring, taking meals, etc., the practice of music, dancing and rhythmic gymnastic exercises promote this organ.

34. Tune. Sense of harmony and melody, love of music. Location. This organ is situated on the side of the forehead just above the outer corner of the eyebrow (34, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Practice of vocal and instrumental music, attending concerts, to appreciate music will increase the organ of Tune.

35. Language. Expression of ideas, memory of words. LOCATION. This organ is situated on the back part of the orbitary plates, the bones which form the roof of the eyes and support the anterior lobes of the brain (35, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. The constant practice of talking and writing, study of languages and committing to memory will promote this faculty. RESTRAINT. Where Language is very large and active, it sometimes leads to verbosity, in which case there must be effort to check it and a constant watchfulness over one's self in speaking.

36. Causality. Applying causes to effect, originality. Location. Situated in the upper part of the forehead (36, fig. 23), on each side of Comparison which occupies the center. The two together, when both are large, give great fullness to that portion of the forehead, Cultivation. Study philosophy in all its branches; plan; contrive ways and means; study the laws of nature trace out the connection between observed phenomena and their causes.

37. Comparison. Inductive reasoning, analysis, illustration. LOCATION. This organ is situated in the upper part of the forehead on the middle line between the two sides, and generally just below the roots of the hair, the bottom being about the center of the forehead (37, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Studying logic, mental philosophy (phrenologically) botany, etc., or the constant exercise of one's analytical powers in any branch of study or business. C. Human Nature. Perception of character and motives. LOCATION. This organ is situated on the median line of the forehead, between Comparison and Benevolence (C, fig. 23). CULTIVATION. Make human nature a study, using Phrenology and Physiognomy as guides in its prosecution. Observe every one you meet, and note the expression and action, and try to read them as an open book. D. Agreeableness. Pleasantness, suavity, persuasiveness. LOCATION. This is situated on the upper edge of the forehead (D, fig. 23), over the inner angle of the eye about two inches above the eyebrow. CULTIVATION. Study and practice the art of politeness with Benevolence and Conscientiousness, to' make ourselves, so far as possible, agreeable to those around us, we shall come to feel agreeable, and develop the organ of that feeling.

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