Chapter 34 - Veterinary Medicine
Introduction to Veterinary Medicine
The Pulse
Respiratory Organs
General Diseases Common to all Animals
General Plethora
Blood Poisoning
Expressions Peculiar to Animals
Rabies Hydrophobia
Pox Variola
Lump jaw
Horse Ail
Texan Cattle Fever
Foot and Mouth Disease
General Inflammation
Sore Throat
Lung Fever, Pneumonia
Catarrhal, Bronchial, or Lobular Pneumonia
Diseases of the Heart and Blood Vessels
Disorders of Organs of Digestion
Paralysis of the Muscles of Swallowing
Crib Biting and Wind Sucking in Horses
Disorders of the Stomach
Dieases of the Intestines
Inflammation of the Bowels
Diseases of Urinary Organs
Diseases of the Nervous System
Diseases of the Spinal Cord
Diseases of the Skin
Diseased Conditions of the Joints
Diseases of the Foot
Parasitic Diseases

34.41 Crib Biting and Wind Sucking in Horses

Crib biting and Wind sucking in Horses. Causes. A crib biter can generally be detected by the warn off appearance of the outer edges of the front teeth of the upper or lower jaw, or both, which is caused by the unusual wear due to the more or less constant grasping of the edges of the manger, or other hard substances, with these parts of the teeth. Symptoms. In the act of "cribbing" the horse grasps an object with the teeth, fixes his head, curves his neck, and some say eructates gases, while others say he swallows air. The last seems more probable because, if allowed to go on, the belly of the horse gradually becomes distended, and he has an attack of wind colic; while if a strap is put around the throat and buckled sufficiently tight to prevent him from swallowing, no such distention takes place. The horse may carry this bad habit to such an extent as to injure his digestion so considerably as to make him unable, by loss of general strength, to do the full work of an animal of his class, besides which he must either wear a strap or constantly be subject to an attack of wind colic 'That may cause his death; such an animal is unsound. In cases where the act is simply confined to "biting," and in which no air is swallowed, the act is simply a vice, not an unsoundness, but it renders him of much less money value than he would otherwise have been. Treatment. The only thing to be done is to do away with the manger or any other hard object which the horse bites, or by constantly keeping him muzzled, except when he is eating, drinking, or at work. Windsuckers must constantly wear a cribbing strap, unless it is found that the habit is prevented by the first named measures. Some windsuckers get so that they will swallow air without first grasping an object with the teeth. It is said that the habit is often contracted by example, especially in young horses. It is not a disease, simply a nervous habit.

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