Eczema and Salt Rheum.
Eczema is an inflammatory, acute or chronic, non contagious skin disease characterized at first by redness, little pimples, vesicles or pustules and is attended by more or less burning itching. This proĀcess terminates either in the formation of crusts as the result of dried sticky serum, or else in the formation of fine scales.
No skin disease has such a variety of aspects nor such grades of inflammation. There is generally more or less oozing of the blood serum, which dries and thickens, forming crusts. There is usually more or less thickening of the skin, making it like leather; there is generally some considerable scaling.
Eczema may subside in a few weeks never to return, or, what is more probable, may lapse into a chronic state and continue for months and years, with bothersome symptoms, which are extremely annoying.
Salt Rheum is a chronic eczema of this last variety.
Treatment. In the acute stage of eczema, soothing lotions, powĀders, or ointments should be used, such as 372, 373, 374. Some are better treated with powders, some by lotions; the itching and heat are best. relieved by 3T3.
In the more chronic variety some stimulating ointments are needed, like 375. Carbolic acid, 10 or 15 grains to the ounce of oleate of zinc ointment, is an admirable remedy for the itching and burning. Salicylic acid, 10 grains to the ounce of benzoated zinc ointment is likewise very serviceable, while tarry preparations generally are the most satisfactory in this chronic stage.
No skin disease, however, is often so stubborn to treatment as the different forms of eczema. The cure often will be slow and mediĀcines frequently changed. The local varieties of eczema require speĀcial treatment.
Eczema of Head in Children. After oiling freely the crust over night and washing off with suds in the morning, apply Salicylic acid, I part, tincture benzoin, 2 parts, Vaseline, 50 parts. The very chronic, thick, and indurated skins require 360, and in many cases 219, espeĀcially the chronic hand cracks. The diet must be free from irritating articles of food, the bowels regulated and the hygiene of the skin atĀtended to, while tonics and general systemic measures are often called for.
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