Barbers' Itch. Jackson's Itch.Sycosis.
THIS is very much like acne, only differing from it in its location. It appears chiefly on the hairy parts of the face, the chin, the upper lip, the region of the whiskers, the eyebrows, and the nape of the neck. It consists in little conical elevations, which maturate at the top, and have the shaft of a hair passing through them. These pimples are of a pale yellowish color. In a few days they burst, and the matter running out, forms into hard, brownish crusts. These crusts fall off in one or two weeks, leaving purplish, sluggish pimples behind, which disappear very slowly.
The eruption is preceded by a painful sensation of heat, and tightness of the skin.
BARBERS ITCH is a variety of ringworm though confined to the region of the face covered by the beard. Whether of the body, the scalp or the face, this disease is highly contagious, being communicated to other persons through the medium of soiled hands, unclean towels, razors, strops, brushes, etc. A vegetable fungus called the trichophyton is the source of the infection.
Symptoms.Small reddish pea sized rings with minute vesicles or watery blisters appear, they spread, branny scales form, the blisters maturate, itching becomes noticeable and other areas rapidly take on the same appearances. The surrounding skin becomes congested and reddened, a gluey, yellowish, sticky fluid exudes from the scabs and thicker crusts pile up on each other. The hairs of the affected part break off very easily or fall out.
As this disease is so contagious, great care should be taken to use individual towels, that the face should be shaved if possible by the person afflicted and of course kissing the children or holding their cheeks up against the infected cheeks must be prohibited.
Treatment. Although a tedious course may be expected to present itself , yet the greater the care used the sooner a cure will be effected. First with almond or olive oil soften the parts for two days, then shave every day or at least every other day, and after washing off with warm water apply freely an ointment of twenty grains of sulphur, fifteen grains of boracie acid mixed in half an ounce of benzoinated lard. This salve should be well rubbed in and a supply kept on the face, enough to make it look greasy day an night until cured.
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