Chapter 4 - Skin Diseases
Introduction to Skin Diseases
Congestive Inflammation of the Skin
Measles
Scarlet Fever
Smallpox Vaccination
Smallpox Illustration
Smallpox Variola
Varioloid
Chicken Pox
Image of Erysipelas & Inflammatory Blush
Cow Pox
Erysipelas
Nettle Rash
Rose Rash
Inflammatory Blush
Watery Pimples
Eczema and Salt Rheum
Shingles
Itch
Rupia
Pemphigus
Mattery Pimples
Crusted Tetter
Papulous Scall
Scaly Eruptions
Leprosy
Psoriasis
Pityriasis
Dry Pimples
Lupus
Warts and Corns
Mother's Marks
Nerves of the Skin
Color of the Skin
Disorders of the Sweat Glands
Disorders of the Oil Glands and Tubes
Barber's Itch
Disorders of the Hair and Tubes
Lice
BedBugs
Freckles
Corns
Bunions
Dandruff
Baldness
Gypsy Moth and Brown Tail Moth
Red Nose

4.44 Dandruff

Dandruff.

THIS is a disease of the sebaceous glands of the scalp, characterized by a large secretion of the sebaceous matter and forming crusts or scales. The secretion may be so thick and oily as to mat together the hair, or so dry as to fall off the head in a shower when the bead is combed. It is the most frequent cause of baldness. The crown of the head is the most frequent location of this disease.

Treatment. Inasmuch as those subject to this disease are often below par in health, such constitutional remedies as cod liver oil and iron are valuable adjuncts in bringing about a cure. Should the amount of scales be considerable, especially if there are crusts, as in the case of little children, the best procedure consists in oiling the scalp over night with some bland oil, wearing a flannel cap, and washing off the oil in the morning with soft soap and water. The following blood tonic is an admirable one for adults:

  • Tincture of iron . . . . . . . . .one ounce
  • Dilute phosphoric acid . . . . . . . one ounce
  • Syrup of lemon . . . . . . . . . two ounces

Take one half teaspoonful in a wineglass of water three times daily. Use a glass tube to avoid staining the teeth. The scalp needs a shampoo once or twice a week; the following will be found to be a suitable one:
  • Green soap . . . . . . . . . . . eight ounces
  • Alcohol . . . . . . . . . . . . four ounces

Put a little here and there over the scalp and then rub up with warm water. The scalp may then be stimulated night and morning with a little of the following lotion:
  • Tincture of cantharides . . . . . . three drachms
  • Tincture of capsicum . . . . . . . three drachms
  • Castor oil . . . . . . . . . . . two drachms
  • Alcohol . . . . . . . . . . . . two ounces
  • Spirits rosemary . . . . . . . . . two ounces

Another good remedy for daily use:
  • Hydrate of ebloral . . . . . . . . two drachms
  • Water . . . . . . . . . . . . four ounces

The yolk of two eggs well rubbed into the scalp and afterwards washed off with hot water is also a good cleansing agent and shampoo.
For very stubborn cases the following lotion applied night and morning will be found efficacious:
  • Corrosive sublimate . . . . . . . . 12 grains
  • Glycerin . . . . . . . . . . . 4 drachms
  • Alcohol . . .. . . . . . . . . . 5 ounces
  • Spirits rosemary . . . . . . . . . 4 drachms


Whatever method is pursued, the application must be persevered in and applied from twice daily to once every few clays according to progress made and severity of case.

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