Gypsy Moth and Brown Tail Moth.
A Harvard professor brought the eggs of the Gypsy Moth to Medford, Mass., about 1868, to endeavor to crossbreed them with silkworms. In 1890 the Gypsy Moth increased to such an alarming extent that thousands of acres of trees and bushes were defoliated they covered the roads and sidewalks and fur lined the walls of houses.
Fortunately the female cannot fly, but the eggs are transported on cordwood, lumber, freight cars, etc., and the female moth attaches itself to motor cars, wagons and even pedestrians and drops off to spin its cocoon wherever convenient, there to breed countless thousands to grow, and breed and destroy, until the infestation has covered an area of nearly 3000 square miles. The State and Government authorities have spent millions of dollars to check and destroy the Gypsy Moth and Brown Tail Moth.
The Brown Tail Moth was brought to Somerville, Massachusetts, (a suburb of Boston), about 1889 from Holland, probably by accident on some bush. In about ten years it had spread all over New England, for the female as well as the male is very strong in flight and sometimes is carried hundreds of miles by a high wind. This moth is very destructive and devours over eighty five varieties of vegetation, besides being a scourge to mankind on account of the ,Brown Tail Rash," caused by the small hairs of the caterpillar, and some say from the moth, which are shed and carried broadcast by the wind, lodge in the pores of the skin and cause severe eruption or rash to break out, with almost intolerable itching and sometimes dangerous irritation to the throat, nose and eyes.
Remedy. The following lotions will prove effective in allay' g the irritation and itching: Carbolic Acid, 5% sol. 1 teaspoonful, or 1 drachms 2 2 Glycerin 2 teaspoonfuls, or 2 drachms Oxide of Zinc 4 teaspoonfuls, or 4 drachms Limewater 1 pint 2 External use, apply to skin for itching. Chloral Hydrate 12 drachms Carbolic Acid, 5% sol. 1 drachms 2 Camphor Water 2 ounces Lime Water 4 ounces External use. Apply to skin. Strong saleratus water will also give relief.
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