Chapter 5 - Diseases of the Brain and Nerves
A Picture of Perfect Health - Diagram
Muscles of the Neck and Face - Diagram 1
Muscles of the Neck and Face - Diagram 2
Internal View of Base of Cranium - Diagram
Cross-section of Head - Diagram
Base of the Brain - Diagram
Cross-section of Head - Diagram
View of Skull - Diagram
Introduction to Diseases of the Brain and Nerves
Inflammation of the Dura Mater
Inflammation of the Arachnoid and Pia Mater
Brain Fever
Softening of the Brain
Abscess of the Brain
Induration of the Brain
Tumors of the Brain
Delirium Tremens
Inebriety
Effects of Alcohol on Stomach and Kidneys - Diagram
Effects of Alcohol on Stomach and Kidneys
Enlargement of the Brain
Shrinking of the Brain
Water in the Head
Dropsy of the Brain
CerebroSpinal Fever
Diseases of the Spinal Cord
Inflammation of the Spinal Cord
Apoplexy
Sunstroke
Paralysis
Paralysis of One Side of the Body
Paralysis of Lower Part of the Body
Local Palsy
Shaking Palsy
Lead Palsy
Hydrophobia
Muscular and Nervous Derangements from Wounds
Locked Jaw
Epilepsy
Catalepsy
St. Vitus' Dance
Chronic Chorea
Cramps
Pains of Nerves
Tic Douloureux
Hemicrania
Sciatica
Insanity
Melancholy
Monomania
Mania
Dementia
Idiocy
Hypochondria
Hiccough
Fainting
Dizziness of the Head
Nightmare
Headaches
Locomotor Ataxia
Neurasthenia
Neuritis

5.11 Inflammation of the Arachnoid and Pia Mater

Inflammation of the Arachnoid and Pia Mater.
Arachnitis.

THESE, two membranes are generally inflamed together. They are so intimately connected that each involves the other in its own troubles.
Generally this is divided into three stages:

The Irritative, characterized by wakefulness, irritable temper, repugnance to strong light, and contraction of the pupils.

The Inflammatory Stage, known by transient pains in the bead, alternating with similar ones in the bowels, increased restlessness and irritability, a quick and tense pulse, an expression of discontent on the face, the eyebrows knit and frowning, the eyelids half closed, retching and vomiting, deep sighing, and torpid bowels.

The Depressing Stage, in which the delirium is more continuous, the countenance has a look of surprise and stupor, the pupils are contracted or dilated, the white of the eyes injected and red, the pupils rolled up during ,sleep, constant sleepiness, inattention to surrounding objects, torpidity of mind, gradually increasing until complete coma closes all the senses.
The disease does not always exhibit all these symptoms, or come on in the regular way described. Sometimes the first thing noticed is a long continued paroxysm of general convulsions. Again these convulsions will come on after violent pains in the head, and are attended with screaming.

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