Fatty Degeneration of the Heart.
The heart sometimes becomes overloaded with fat, which is deposited between the heart case and the muscular substance, covering the organ all over externally, and in some cases penetrating to some depth into its substance. The muscular walls themselves become thin and flabby.
Symptoms. The sounds of the heart are diminished, especially the first. The pulse is irregular. Pain, and a feeling of oppression in the region of the heart, with general signs of retarded circulation, such as congestion of the brain and Ever. There is occasionally giddiness, loss of memory, and palpitation.
Treatment. Exercise, mental excitement, and stimulating drinks must be avoided; and the patient must live for one or two years on a very light diet, taking but very little animal food.
Bony and Cartilaginous Productions in the Heart.
THESE productions in the heart are fortunately rare. Yet they occur; and the point of the heart, in its whole thickness, is sometimes changed to cartilage. The ventricles are sometimes so ossified as to resemble the bones of the head.
The symptoms of these degenerations are obscure; and as such cases are not curable, it is of less consequence that we should be able to know their precise nature during the life of the patient. The treatment can only afford temporary relief, and should be such as is prescribed in other heart eases with similar symptoms.
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