Chapter 9 - Diseases of the Abdominal Cavity
Introduction to Diseases of the Abdominal Cavity
Acute Inflammation of the Liver
Chronic Inflammation of the Liver
Congestion of the Liver
Passive Congestion of the Liver
Cirrhosis of the Liver
Acute Inflammation of the Spleen
Chronic Inflammation of the Spleen
Jaundice
Gall Stones
Acute Inflammation of the Stomach
Chronic Inflammation of the Stomach
Indigestion/Dyspepsia
Heart Burn
Cramps in the stomach
Water Brash
Vomiting
Seasickness
Milk Sickness
Acute Inflammation of the Peritoneum
Chronic Inflammation of the Peritoneum
Acute Inflammation of the Bowels
Chronic Inflammation of the Bowels
Appendicitis
Cancer of the Intestine
Intestinal Obstruction
Colic
Air Swellings
Bilious Colic
Painters' Colic
Constistipation
Piles/Hemorrhoids
Diarrhea
Chronic Diarrhea
Cholera Morbus
Asiatic Cholera
Dysentery
Chronic Dysentery
Worms
Acute Inflamation of the Kidneys
Chronic Inflamation of the Kidneys
Acute Inflammation of the Bladder
Chronic Inflammation of the Bladder
Disease of the Supra Renal Capsules
Bright's Disease
Simple Home Tests for Urine - Diagram
Diabetes
Bleeding from the Kidneys
Suppresion of Urine
Retention of Urine
Inability to Hold Urine
Gravel
Uric Acid Gravel
Phosphatic Deposits
Oxalic Deposits
Urate of Ammonia Deposits
Hippuric Acid Deposits
Cystine Deposits
Bladder Stones
Dropsy of the Belly
General Dropsy
Uremia

9.11 Acute Inflammation of the Stomach

Acute Inflammation of the Stomach. Gastritis.

THIS is a rare disease. It is generally induced by irritating and corrosive substances taken into the stomach. Poisons, as arsenic, aquafortis, corrosive sublimate, and the like, are the most common causes of it. Blows, sudden stoppage of sweat, and excessive use of ardent spirits, may also excite it.

Symptoms. It is marked by burning pain in the stomach, Thirst, restlessness, anxiety, constant vomiting, prostration of strength, a quick, hard, and small pulse, incessant retching, a sunken countenance, hiccough, cold hands and feet, and a damp skin.

Treatment. If the inflammation be excited by poison, the remedies named under antidotes for poisons must be first employed.
The poison being neutralized or thrown off, the inflammatory condition must, be combated with the remedies usual for such states. Mustard poultices to the feet, along the spine, and particularly over the pit of the stomach, will be among the first things to be employed, and should be followed by hot fomentations of stramonium leaves or hops, both the fomentations and the poultices to be repeated as occasion may require. Repeated doses of bismuth, or ,grain closes of cocaine, are generally very soothing to the stomach, and relieve the terrible vomiting.

Drinks. Cold water, bread water, rice water, arrowroot gruel, infusion of slippery elm bark, and of marshmallow. These should be taken in very small quantities, say a teaspoonful at a time, about twenty drops of tincture of aconite root being added to a half tumblerful. Lumps of ice may be held in the mouth, and occasionally swallowed. >Injections. Emeties and physic are not proper, but injections (248), (253), or simply soapsuds, will be required.
The remedies must be pursued until all tenderness has disappeared from the pit of the stomach.
While the patient is recovering, great care must be taken not to overload the stomach with food. Arrowroot, sago, and milk are among the first articles to be allowed. After these, will come gradually beef tea, chicken broth, soft boiled eggs, and beefsteak, until the whole diet can be restored.

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