Chapter 9 - Diseases of the Abdominal Cavity
Introduction to Diseases of the Abdominal Cavity
Acute Inflammation of the Liver
Chronic Inflammation of the Liver
Congestion of the Liver
Passive Congestion of the Liver
Cirrhosis of the Liver
Acute Inflammation of the Spleen
Chronic Inflammation of the Spleen
Gall Stones
Acute Inflammation of the Stomach
Chronic Inflammation of the Stomach
Heart Burn
Cramps in the stomach
Water Brash
Milk Sickness
Acute Inflammation of the Peritoneum
Chronic Inflammation of the Peritoneum
Acute Inflammation of the Bowels
Chronic Inflammation of the Bowels
Cancer of the Intestine
Intestinal Obstruction
Air Swellings
Bilious Colic
Painters' Colic
Chronic Diarrhea
Cholera Morbus
Asiatic Cholera
Chronic Dysentery
Acute Inflamation of the Kidneys
Chronic Inflamation of the Kidneys
Acute Inflammation of the Bladder
Chronic Inflammation of the Bladder
Disease of the Supra Renal Capsules
Bright's Disease
Simple Home Tests for Urine - Diagram
Bleeding from the Kidneys
Suppresion of Urine
Retention of Urine
Inability to Hold Urine
Uric Acid Gravel
Phosphatic Deposits
Oxalic Deposits
Urate of Ammonia Deposits
Hippuric Acid Deposits
Cystine Deposits
Bladder Stones
Dropsy of the Belly
General Dropsy

9.12 Chronic Inflammation of the Stomach

Chronic Inflammation of the Stomach.

This is a much more common disease that the preceding; indeed it is very common. Though it does not put life in immediate danger it perverts the feelings of the stomach, and causes many of the symptoms of indigestion. Dyspepsia, however, is a different complaint, and not necessarily connected with inflammation.

Symptoms. There is generally pain in the stomach, which is increased by the presence of food, and by external pressure. The pain is sometimes felt only during digestion The fermentation of the food in the stomach generates a gas, which is frequently belched up. This is what is meant in common language by having "wind in the stomach," and , belching wind." The meals are frequently vomited up; the appetite is fickle, sometimes voracious, and again nearly absent; the thirst is likewise variant; the tongue is white in the centre, and red at the sides and tip, sometimes smooth and red all over, like a slice of raw beef. The urine is scanty and big colored.
The disease is very liable, if badly managed, to lead to ulceration of the coats of the stomach, and thence to a fatal end; for an ulcer may penetrate the walls of the stomach, and let, its contents into the abdominal cavity, which would excite an immediately fatal inflammation.

Treatment. If there be tenderness, counter irritation will answer, as mustard poultices, or the compound tar plasters.
The skin of the whole surface should receive special attention. The warm or the cold bath should be used often, according to the strength of the patient. When the reaction is good, a cold compress bound upon the stomach every night, will do much to bring relief.
The diet cannot be too carefully managed. While there is considerable tenderness, the nourishment must be of the most simple and unirritating kind, consisting of little more than the most bland nutritive drinks; and even these should be taken in small quantities at a time. Gum Arabic water, rice water, barley water, arrow root, gruel, tea, and toast without butter, will be amply sufficient to keep soul and body together, and will, in two or three weeks, generally starve the enemy out of his quarters. After this, a more nourishing diet may gradually be resumed. Many of the recent proprietary foods serve an admirable purpose in furnishing a large amount of nutriment in small bulk, which is easily digested. Among these may be mentioned proteinol, in teaspoonful to tablespoonful doses, liquid peptonoids, malted milk, koumiss, matzoon, etc. These latter are milk preparations with the cooling and refreshing taste of soda.

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