Chapter 9 - Diseases of the Abdominal Cavity
Introduction to Diseases of the Abdominal Cavity
Acute Inflammation of the Liver
Chronic Inflammation of the Liver
Congestion of the Liver
Passive Congestion of the Liver
Cirrhosis of the Liver
Acute Inflammation of the Spleen
Chronic Inflammation of the Spleen
Gall Stones
Acute Inflammation of the Stomach
Chronic Inflammation of the Stomach
Heart Burn
Cramps in the stomach
Water Brash
Milk Sickness
Acute Inflammation of the Peritoneum
Chronic Inflammation of the Peritoneum
Acute Inflammation of the Bowels
Chronic Inflammation of the Bowels
Cancer of the Intestine
Intestinal Obstruction
Air Swellings
Bilious Colic
Painters' Colic
Chronic Diarrhea
Cholera Morbus
Asiatic Cholera
Chronic Dysentery
Acute Inflamation of the Kidneys
Chronic Inflamation of the Kidneys
Acute Inflammation of the Bladder
Chronic Inflammation of the Bladder
Disease of the Supra Renal Capsules
Bright's Disease
Simple Home Tests for Urine - Diagram
Bleeding from the Kidneys
Suppresion of Urine
Retention of Urine
Inability to Hold Urine
Uric Acid Gravel
Phosphatic Deposits
Oxalic Deposits
Urate of Ammonia Deposits
Hippuric Acid Deposits
Cystine Deposits
Bladder Stones
Dropsy of the Belly
General Dropsy

9.6 Cirrhosis of the Liver

Cirrhosis of the Liver.

This is a disease characterized by an excessive increase of the fibrous tissue in the liver, whose later function is to contract and squeeze out, so to speak, the softer, glandular structure of the liver proper, thus causing its atrophy and diminution in size. The disease is caused mainly by the introduction into the portal system of some irritant like alcohol. It is generally known as the gin drinker's liver, but it does not result especially from gin any more than from any other spirit. It is, at all events, essentially a disease due to prolonged though moderate use of spirits of one sort or another, and occurs between the ages of thirty and sixty, mostly in men.
The symptoms of this disease are at first those of gastric and intestinal disorders due to alcohol, as nausea, flatulence, constipation and looseness, etc.
Dropsy is finally the most pronounced symptom of the disease, but hemorrhages from the bowels not infrequently occur. The distension of the abdomen by dropsy is sometimes enormous; finally the feet and legs become swollen, emaciation and weakness progress, and the patient may finally die in coma or convulsions. The disease, when sufficiently advanced to be recognized, is incurable.

Treatment. The treatment is to be directed toward the removal of all irritating food and alcohol. The diet should consist largely of milk; green vegetables and fruit, beans, peas, eggs, lean meat, etc., may be taken ff well borne.
The Stomach and bowels are to be kept in good condition, the dropsy drawn off or removed by means of loose evacuations from the bowels.
Hydrochloric acid in three drop doses, well diluted, after meals, may be of service, while bitter stomach tonics are to be given before eating.

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